Psychology Notes for Final

Psychology Notes - Psychology Notes for Final Module 9 Cognitive Development Piaget's theory(pp.142-147 1 What are schemas Be able to explain

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Psychology Notes for Final Module 9 : Cognitive Development: Piaget’s theory (pp.142-147) 1) What are schemas? Be able to explain and/or apply the concepts of assimilation and accommodation . a) Schema is a concept or framework that organizes and interprets information. b) To explain how we use and adjust our schemas, Piaget proposed two processes i) First we assimilate new experiences – we interpret them in terms of our current understanding. (1) Having a simple schema for dog a toddler may call all 4-legged animals doggies ii) We also adjust, or accommodate, our schemas to fit the particulars of new experiences. 2) What are the characteristics of the sensorimotor stage? What kind of logic do babies use? a) Sensorimotor Stage – Experiencing the world through stages and actions (looking, touching, and grasping). b) Very young babies seem to live in the present: What is out of sight is out of mind. i) Young infants lack object permanence – the awareness that objects continue to exist when not perceived. 3) What are the characteristics of the preoperational stage? In what ways do children demonstrate that they do not understand conservation ? That they are egocentric? That they have an immature theory of mind ? a) Preoperational Stage – representing things with words and images; use intuitive rather than logical reasoning. b) Focusing only on the height dimension the child is incapable of performing the operation of mentally pouring the milk back. This preoperational child lacks the concept of conservation – the principle that quantity remains the same despite changes in shape. c) Piaget contended that preschool children aer egocentric: They have difficulty perceiving things from another’s point of view. i) Asked to show Mommy her picture, Gabby hold the picture up facing her own eyes.
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ii) Gray makes himself “invisible” by putting his hands over his eyes, assuming that if he can’t see someone, they can’t see him. d) Children demonstrate that they have an immature theory of mind by seeking to understand what made a playmate angry, when a sibling will share, and what might make a parent buy a toy. i) Theory of mind- people’s ideas about their own and others’ mental states – about their feelings, perceptions, and thoughts and the behavior these might predict. 4) What are the characteristics of the concrete operations stage? a) Concrete Operational stage – the stage of cognitive development during which children gain the mental operations that enable them to think logically about concrete events. 5) What are the characteristics of the formal operations stage? a) The stage of cognitive development during which people begin to think logically about abstract concepts. 6)
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course PSYCH 1110 taught by Professor Nicoli during the Spring '08 term at Rockhurst.

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Psychology Notes - Psychology Notes for Final Module 9 Cognitive Development Piaget's theory(pp.142-147 1 What are schemas Be able to explain

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