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Lec 13-Strange Tales & Sketches.pptx - Ming and Qing...

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Ming and Qing DynastiesFictionLecture 13
Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)The dominant power in AsiaThe first Ming emperor (Emperor of the GreatMilitary Power)drove out the Mongols.capital located in Nanjing in the south.reformed agriculture and increased rice productionencouraged a return to Confucian values宋明理学a series of the strict Confucian ethicalcodes to guide the lives of the ordinary people.
Ming dynastythe third Ming emperor (Emperor of PerpetualHappiness)moved the capital to Beijing in the north. He built theForbidden City which commoners and foreigners werenot allowed to enter.large commercial fleets were sent to do business ledby Eunuch Zheng He. Zheng He and his fleet reachedas far as East Africa. Brought back a giraffe, calling it aqilin麒麟mythological animaldrove the Mongols to the very north of the Gobi desert
Ming Dynastychina/porcelain-making and tradeChristian missionariesdistrusted foreignersChina gradually adopted a closed-door policyafter the third emperor.
Qing Dynasty (1644–1912)The founding of Qingused old Ming dynasty officials to rule – different fromthe Mongols in Yuanassimilated by the Han-Chinese culture and picked upConfucianism as their ruling ideologyConfucian scholars’ compromiseConflict between the Han Chinese and Manchu rulersliterary persecutionthe civil service examinationAbolished in 1905
Learn this Song to remember ChineseDynastiesHarvard Chinese Dynasty Songery=harvard+chinese+dynasty+song
Dominant Genre in Ming and Qing:Fiction/NovelsHistory of fiction/novels:1.T’ang: legend2. Song:Huaben– story teller’s script话本3.Ming and Qing: novelsNot attain full recognition until the early 20thcentury in the New Culture Movement五四新文学运动
Four great classical novels in Ming and Qing1.Water Margin(14thc.)2.Romance of the Three Kingdoms(14thc.)3.Journey to the West(16thc.)4.Dream of Red Towers(18thc.)The first three had an oral tradition whileDream ofRed Towerswas created by a scholar.

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Winter
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