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20th century final - Look at page 24 in Burkholder Noble...

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Western and Eastern Europe Winston Churchill- Prime Minister of Great Britain. Totalitarianism Fascism Appeasement - Adolph Hitler’s policy towards England and France before WWI. Containment - US policy to stop the spread of communism. Forget the countries that already fell but focus on stopping its spreading. Weimer Republic-The Weimar Republic was established in February 1919 in defeated Germany and lasted until March 1933, when the state's interior was replaced with Hitler's so-called "Third Reich" Treaty of Versailles- (1919) was a peace treaty that officially ended World War I between the Allied and Associated Powers and Germany. It was signed exactly 5 years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, one of the events that triggered the start of the war. Although the armistice signed on November 11, 1918 put an end to the actual fighting, it took six months of negotiations at the Paris Peace Conference to conclude a peace treaty. Of the many provisions in the treaty, one of the most important and controversial provisions required Germany and her allies to accept full responsibility for causing the war and, under the terms of articles 231-248, disarm, make substantial territorial concessions and pay reparations to certain countries that had formed the Entente powers. The Treaty was undermined by subsequent events starting as early as 1922 and was widely flouted by the mid thirties. Treaty of Locarno- seven agreements negotiated at Locarno , Switzerland on 5 October 16 October 1925 and formally signed in London on December 1 , in which the World War I Western European Allied powers and the new states of central and Eastern Europe sought to secure the post-war territorial settlement, in return normalizing relations with defeated Germany (which was, by this time, the Weimar Republic ). The Prague Spring- At the 4th Czechoslovakian Writers' Congress held in the city in 1967 a strong position against the regime was taken. This spurred the new secretary of the Communist Party, Alexander Dubček to proclaim a new phase in the city's and country's life, beginning the short-lived season of "socialism with a human face". This was the Prague Spring, which aimed at a democratic reform of institutions. The Soviet Union and the rest of the Warsaw Pact, except for Romania, reacted, occupying Czechoslovakia and the capital in August 1968, suppressing any attempt at innovation under the treads of their tanks. Proxy Wars- in Korea and Vietnam. The only conflict between the US and the Soviet Union and it was not direct conflict. Leonid Breshnev- succeeded Stalin after his death in 1953 and preceded Khrushchev after he
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campaigned for stronger defense. Alexander Dubcek- famous for his attempt to reform the Communist regime (Prague Spring) John Maynard Keynes- a British economist whose ideas, called Keynesian economics, had a major impact on modern economic and political theory as well as on many governments' fiscal policies.
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