Constitution Part 2 - Return to Original Question Practical...

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Return to Original Question – Practical Self-Interest v. Political - Economic Interpretation – the Beard Thesis - brought together by groups hurt economically during Art of Confed - no popular vote brought together the convention - a large propertyless mass was excluded from much of what went on - personal property was a key component in what was going on - Political Concerns – Individuals Rights, Democratic Rule, Protection for the Minority - individual rights – classical liberalism and John Locke - Majority tyranny – where majority uses its advantage in numbers to suppress the rights of the minority - Electoral rules limit majority tyranny - Republican Government, Indirect Elections, Fixed Terms, Districts - Divided authority across government - Three branches, bicameralism, federalism - Placed formal limits on government - Especially Bill of Rights - Regardless of how – many firsts emerged - They not only brought forth a new nation but originated the following ideas - separation of powers, three branches - acceptance of the principle of equality - bill of rights – protecting individual freedoms - separation of church and state - created what is now the oldest major republic and political democracy in the world Today we talked about the historical context behind the creation of the Constitution, Thursday the focus shifts to exploring what the Constitution itself. The Constitution - outlines rules establishing Congress, the presidency, the judiciary, and the relationship between the national and state government Article 1 – Congress Section 1 – Establishes a 2-house legislature
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Section 2 – Membership of House - Elections every two years - Must be 25 Years old, Citizen for 7 Years, live in state - Rules of Representation – includes 3/5 compromise (Changed by 14 th Amendment) and 10 year census - Process for filling Vacancies - Choose own speaker and other officers - Sole Power of Impeachment Section 3 – Membership of Senate - Six-year, staggered terms, Chosen by the legislature (17 th Amendment – 1913) - Must be 30 Years old, Citizen for 9 years, live in state - Vice-President is president of the Senate - Senate Chooses the Rest of its officers - The Senate tries all impeachments – CJ Presides – only
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Constitution Part 2 - Return to Original Question Practical...

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