lecture notes

lecture notes - 4 April 2008 Key Questions How did old...

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4 April 2008 Key Questions How did old continental entities compromise the Paris treaties? Did the new internationalism symbolized by the League of Nations collide or coincide with the aims of new imperialism? What ultimately became of Wilson’s proclamation of a world safe for democracy? I. Wilson’s peace without victory a. America’s prominence after war i. Resources and time made it the major arbitrator of peace process; Brit and France = pyrrhic victory = victors suffer tremendous costs ii. While Euro was suffering, US thought it was lucrative to trade with Euro, saw itself as global power b. Ideal vs. Pragmatic agenda i. Wilson’s 14 pt – world clear about his agenda; 1. identified the US compulsion to enter the war; identified the problem of world peace as our problem 2. Assured the freedom of the seas; the 14 points also had practical reasons (the German U boats obstructed shipping for American trade ships); served the interest of capitalism 3. Allowance for self determination; impartial adjustment of colonial claims; wanted to find middle ground between colonialist interests with those of the local population 4. Convergence of political ideals and economic self-interests c. Clash w/ realities of Post war Europe i. The divergent aims of the big four; they didn’t fall for the idealistic liberal rhetoric 1. Clemenceau of France was interties in imparalyzing Germany so it can’t rise again 2. Lloyd of Britain wanted to safeguard colonial interests 3. Orlando of Italy expands colonial interests in North Africa 4. Wilson of the US was the only one intoxicated with the ideals and couldn’t even convince his own government d. Carthagian peace i. Consequential peace settlement = huge negative impact ii. Referred to as this kind of peace because they ravaged it completely so they got extreme concession out of losers, especially in the Treaty of Versailles iii. Didn’t include major players of Russia and Germany; Brit and France was intent on crippling Germany for god; made Germany sign documents to accept all the guilt and had to pay huge annual payments and pensions iv. The victors imposed permanent disarmament and created DMZ to act as a buffer zone between Germany and western Europe; there was no plan for rehabilitating the economy of Germany, making it a pre-industrial wasteland e. In 1923, when Germany failed to pay annual reparations, French went to German mines and tried to extract profit (in the Ruhr Valley); Germany didn’t have the work and had to pay subsidies to the workers; this bankrupt the already frail economy; all loans at this time came from the US; so all nations were affected when the US markets crashed II. The New world order after Versailles a. The Fantasy of self determination i. Wilson claims to take the side of colonial people against imperialists; follow the concern of local people as opposed to outside; the critique of this is that “such ideals are more easily held e those far away from the linguistic and cultural realities.” Wilson didn’t understand the realities on the
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lecture notes - 4 April 2008 Key Questions How did old...

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