MGMT_363_Test_3_Review2

MGMT_363_Test_3_Review2 - Chapter 9 Personality Cultural...

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Chapter 9 – Personality & Cultural Values Personality  refers to the structures and propensities inside a person that explain his/her characteristic  patterns of thought, emotion, and behavior. o Personality captures  what people are like . o Relatively stable over time o Traits  are defined as recurring regularities or trends in people’s responses to their environment. o Cultural views are defined as shared beliefs about desirable end states or modes of conduct in  a given culture, influence the expression of a person’s traits. How does personality develop? Nature o Study of identical twins(separated at birth, meet later, very much the same) o Genes(50% of all traits are genetic) Nurture o Surroundings  o Experiences The Big 5 Personality Traits (CANOE) o Conscientiousness  – dependable, organized, reliable, ambitious, hardworking, and  persevering. Conscientious employees prioritize  accomplishment striving , which reflects a strong  desire to accomplish task-related goals as a means of expressing personality. o Agreeableness   – warm, kind, cooperative, sympathetic, helpful, and courteous. Prioritize  communion striving , which reflects a strong desire to obtain acceptance in  personal relationships as a means of expressing personality. Beneficial in some positions but detrimental in others. Agreeable people focus on “getting along,” not necessarily “getting ahead.” o Neuroticism  – nervous, moody, emotional, insecure, and jealous. Synonymous with  negative affectivity  – a dispositional tendency to experience  unpleasant moods such as hostility, nervousness, and annoyance. Associated with a  differential exposure  to stressors, meaning that neurotic people are  more likely Associated with a  differential reactivity  to stressors, meaning that neurotic people are  less likely to believe they can cope with the stressors that they experience. Neuroticism is also strongly related to  locus of control , which reflects whether people  attribute the causes of events to themselves or to the external environment. Tend to hold an  external locus of control , meaning that they often believe  that the events that occur around them are driven by luck, chance, or fate. Less neurotic people tend to hold an  internal locus of control , meaning that  they believe that their own behavior dictates events. o Openness to experience  – curious, imaginative, creative, complex, refined, and sophisticated.
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