Week 3 Readings

Week 3 Readings - Week 3 Readings: Bargaining and War - Why...

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Week 3 Readings: Bargaining and War - Why are there Wars? they have conflicting interests over important issues such as land, ideology, conflict over states’ policies (WMD), or regimes which spring from deeper conflicts that give rise to concerns about relative power Major points o Wars should be understood as bargaining failures. Even though states may have conflicting interties over things like territory, policies, or the composition on one another’s government, the costs of war ensures that there generally exists a peaceful settlement that all sides should prefer to war o States may be unable to find negotiated settlements that they prefer to war when there is incomplete information about how each side evaluates the likely outcome and costs of waging war o Even if states can find a mutually acceptable bargain, peace can break down if they cannot commit to abide by the terms of the agreement o Bargaining may also fail if there are features of the disputed good that make it indivisible, so that compromise agreements are impossible to reach War - an event involving the organized use of military force by at least two parties which leads to at least 1000 battle- related deaths; this is to rule out spontaneous, disorganized violence Interstate war – if the main parties to the conflict are both sates , then we refer to the even as an interstate war; if the main parties to the conflict are actors within a state – such as a government and a rebel group – then the event is a civil war Bargaining and War – the international system lacks a reliable legal, judicial, and electoral institutions; as a result, states must try to settle their conflicts through bargaining. Crisis may occur when one state seeks to influence the outcome of bargaining by threatening to use military force in the event that it doesn’t get what it wants coercive bargaining; Bargaining under the threat of war is crisis bargaining or coercive diplomacy Bargaining range The overlap in the set of deals that A prefers to war and the sets of deals that B prefers to war; any division of the territory along this range gives both states more than they expect to get from fighting a war A compellent threat is a threat that seeks to change the status quo by coercing another satet into making concession or changing a current policy – Don’t do X, or else, OR Give me Y, or else.
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A deterrent threat is a threat that takes the form of “Don’t do X, or else, where X is some possible future action the threatener finds objectionable; deterrent actions are used to preserve the status quo by threatening the other side with unacceptable costs if they seek to alter the current relationship War is played under a condition known as incomplete information because every player lacks information about its opponent’s hands and has private access to information about her own hand o Incomplete information arises in crisis bargaining when states cannot readily observe
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course POLI SCI 12 taught by Professor Lake during the Spring '07 term at UCSD.

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Week 3 Readings - Week 3 Readings: Bargaining and War - Why...

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