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cla30 - Unit 1 Content words Function words > Dagger sign...

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Unit 1: Content words Derived from Greek or Latin Function words Hold content words together, Anglo-Saxon word order-structure > Has as a derivative Dagger sign Obsolete word Per annum annually quartus Quarter cursus course morphemes Minimum units of meaning, can have different meanings allomorph Variant forms of morphemes with the same meaning prefix Morpheme at the front of a word ac-, ad-, as- to, toward dis- away, apart e-, ex- out, from in-, im-, intro- in, into re- back, again pro- forward pre- before retro- back contra-, con against base Morpheme to which the prefix is added -pel, -pulse push, drive -quire ask, seek -solve, -solut loosen -spic, -spect look at, see -sume use up, take -vene, -vent come -creat make, build feder- Union of states repel Drive back expel Drive out dispelled Drive away advent Come toward, arrival resume Take it up again Empty morpheme Morpheme has no clear meaning, more than 1 meaning Full morpheme Has the morpheme definition Intense morpheme Strengthens the base con-, com- etymology Origin of word suffix Morpheme that comes at the end of the word -ion act of -or person or thing who acts or does something -al connected with
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villanus Servant working on a farm ukulele Flea jump squirrel Shadow tail scruples Small sharp stone, uneasy feeling nasturtium Nose twist sanguine optimistic sanguinary Covered in blood, bloodthirsty, cruel desiccated Dry out dissected Cut apart disinterested Not influenced by selfish motives uninterested Indifferent, not interested Sine die Without a day Per diem Per day Post meridiem After midday Tabula rosa Blank tablet Ad nauseam To the point of nausea Unit 2: Content words Nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs Morphological criteria Singular vs. plural number used along with syntactical to test for the class of word Syntactical criteria Word order nouns Have an {s} suffix in the plural number Preceded by noun markers: the, a, many, that, these “the red of the sunset” adjectives Has an {er} < {est}suffix or is preceded by more < most Comes btw a noun marker and a noun, or can follow “noun seems adj. “the sunset seems red” adjectives modify/restrict/limit nouns Noun modifier Can be either noun or adjective -the fish knife -the broken boxes verbs Morphological: past and present tense tense The difference in form and in meaning in verbs See= present tense Saw= past tense Transitive verbs Object follows verb: wrote many compliments Intransitive verbs No object following verb Adverb Morphological: formed from adj. by {ly} suffix
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