linguistics quiz key3

linguistics quiz key3 - tie IPA t h aI[t Environment the...

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Linguistics 50 February 5, 2008 Name: Quiz 3: Phonetics and Phonology I. Transcription (25 pts) Please provide an IPA transcription for each of the following words. 1. raspberry "ræzbEri 2. isn’t "Iznt 3. rhythmic "rIDmIk 4. icy "aIsi 5. February "fEbjuEri Note: these were transcriptions of me. Most of you don’t have ‘ E ’ in (1) and (5). II. Features (25 pts) Identify the sounds in the natural classes listed below for English. The box below should help. Note: you won’t get this kind of help on the midterm. p b t d k g P f v T D s z S Z h Ù d Z m n N l r j (1) Voiceless fricatives: f, T , s, S , h (2) Palatal consonants: j (3) Voiced bilabial consonants: b, m (4) Nasals: m, n, N (5) Voiced alveolar consonants: d, z, n, l, r 1
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Linguistics 50 February 5, 2008 III. Allophones (20 pts) Name two sounds that are allophones of the same phoneme in English. State the environment each sound appears in. For each sound, give a word that contains the sound along with the word’s IPA transcription. [ t h ] Environment: the beginning of a syllable Example Word:
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Unformatted text preview: tie IPA: t h aI [t] Environment: the end of a word Example Word: bait IPA: beIt IV. Phonology Data Set (30 pts) Consider the following data from Palauan. [email protected] mosquito [email protected] wake up [email protected] warm [email protected] word ndigEa no longer is rakt h sickness kar medicine kpokp wall klow big [email protected] light kiD we kEr question NklEm your name kall food [email protected] his sickness (1) Are [ g ] and [k] allophones of the same phoneme or allophones of different phonemes? allophones of the same phoneme (2) If they are allophones of the same phoneme, give the restricted allophone and state its environment. If they are allophones of different phonemes, briefly state your reasoning. [ g ] occurs between vowels and [ k ] occurs elsewhere. (3) Given what you know about the distributions of [ g ] and [k] in Palauan, pre-dict which sound would occur in the following hypothetical Palauan words: a. [mbo g a] b. [ra k to] 2...
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