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Primate behavior - 3 Paradigms for Studying Behavior o...

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3 Paradigms for Studying Behavior o Socioecology Effect of the environment on social behavior Food sources, places of refuge, predators, water sources Aspects of environment that shape the way a social group functions Habitat – describing environment where a species live Niches – diet, space, time(nocturnal, diurnal) Principle of competitive exclusion – states that no two species can occupy exactly the same niche – has two be differentiated in someway or else they will find themselves in direct competition with each other. Patas monkey – single male, multi female social groups – females are related- African savannah – main predator is the cheetah o Sociobiology Explains behaviors that socioecology can not explain Darwinian approach to behavior Altruism – helping another at some cost to yourself or potential cost Darwinian fitness – individual reproductive success Inclusive fitness – individual reproductive success plus the reproductive success of close kin Kin – selected altruism – helping family because they share genes Reciprocal altruism – helping another, expecting help in return Animals who behave in ways that increase their inclusive fitness will make a better genetic contribution to the next generation Reproductive success Male – mate with as many as possible Female – quality of care o Cognitive ethology Ethology Study of animal behavior Animals are consciously aware
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  • Spring '08
  • New World Monkeys, individual reproductive success, Socioecology Environment Group, female social groups, female co-dominance Sociobiology

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