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Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory ApplicationMatthew S. ShortCNL-500: Theories and Models of CounselingDr. Jill Willis1
IntroductionSigmund Freud's psychoanalytic theory has had a profound influence on the area ofcounseling. Sigmund Freud most notably emphasized the importance of the unconscious mindand believed that the unconscious mind governs behavior to a greater degree than people suspect.The psychoanalytic theory is a technique that has been employed throughout history and is stillbeing used in counseling today.This paper will discuss Freud's psychoanalytic theory and apply its approach to Ana, a24-year-old client. Ana is a military spouse who is currently parenting her one-year-old child byherself while her deployed husband is overseas. In addition, Ana indicated that she had just losther job and struggles financially in her intake paperwork. Ana does come from a wealthy familyin her home country of Guatemala but does not want to ask for help. All of these concerns haveleft Ana worried, sleep-deprived, and unable to eat, leading to weight loss. In addition, Anareports feeling nervous and unhappy in everyday life since she does not feel supported by herfriends and family. Because of the significant stressors in Ana's life, she has solicited to begincounseling services.The purpose of this paper is to provide an outline of the counseling goals andinterventional strategies that will be established with Ana. In addition, to provide a more in-depthoverall understanding of social and cultural considerations, insight will be provided outliningAna's unconscious thoughts and how the Freudian process can be implemented effectively intoAna's counseling process.Counseling Goals and Intervention StrategiesThe primary purpose of incorporating psychoanalytic theory into treatment is to aid theclient in recovering and resolving unconscious conflicts in order to strengthen the ego and2
increase consciousness (Murdock, 2017). According to psychoanalytic theory, human conduct isthe outcome of interactions between three elements of the mind: the id, ego, and superego. The idis focused on the immediate satisfaction of basic bodily demands and impulses. It functionsentirely subconsciously (outside of conscious thought). The superego is concerned with societal

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Term
Spring
Professor
Elbert Hollingsworth
Tags
Jacques Lacan, Unconscious mind, Ana, The Unconscious,

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