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Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory ApplicationMatthew S. ShortCNL-500: Theories and Models of CounselingDr. Jill Willis1
IntroductionPsychoanalytic theory, developed by Sigmund Freud, has had a tremendous impact on thefield of counseling. Sigmund Freud, in particular, stressed the importance of the unconsciousmind, believing that it influences behavior to a larger extent than most people realize.Psychoanalytic theory is a technique that has been utilized in counseling throughout history andcontinues to be used presently.The purpose of this paper is to explore Freud's psychoanalytic theory and to apply it toAna, a 24-year-old client. Ana is a military spouse who is presently responsible for her one-year-old child alone while her husband is deployed. Additionally, Ana noted in her intake documentthat she had recently lost her job and was experiencing financial difficulties. Ana does comefrom an affluent family in her native Guatemala, but she is averse to seeking assistance. All ofthese issues have left Ana anxious, deprived of sleep, and unable to eat, resulting in weight loss.Additionally, Ana describes feeling frightened and uncomfortable in daily life as a result of herlack of support from friends and family. Ana has requested to seek therapy sessions due to theconsiderable difficulties in her life.The purpose of this paper is to lay out the counseling objectives and interventionprocedures that will be used with Ana. Additionally, to give a more comprehensiveunderstanding of social and cultural issues, insight will be provided into Ana's unconscious ideasand how the Freudian process may be effectively integrated into her therapy process.Counseling Goals and Intervention StrategiesPsychoanalytic theory is incorporated into treatment with the primary goal of assistingthe client in recovering and resolving unconscious conflicts in order to strengthen the ego andimprove consciousness (Murdock, 2017). Human behavior, according to psychoanalytic theory,2
is the result of interactions between three mental elements: the id, ego, and superego. The id ispreoccupied with meeting immediate physiological wants and urges. It operates purelysubconsciously (outside of conscious thought). The superego, which is frequently referred to asone's "conscience" or "moral compass," is concerned with cultural values and morals. It develops

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Term
Spring
Professor
Elbert Hollingsworth
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