asian american final - Executive Order 9066 1942 Exclude...

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Executive Order 90661942Exclude Japanese from areas where they felt militarily vulnerableUnder president Roosevelt, tens and thousands of American citizens ofJapanese ancestry, were placed in internment camps all over the USMin YasuiHe tried to enlist in the US army 9 times and they wouldn’t have himWent back to Oregon and started a law practiceCurfew for Japanese and he violated itHad himself arrested because he knew it could result in a test caseGordon HirabayashiGordon was convicted of violating the curfew in the internment campsHe appealed to the Supreme CourtOverturned on the same day that Yasui’s case wasFred KorematsuChanges his name to Clyde Sarah and has surgery on his eyes to make themlook more WesternHe becomes arrested and taken to jailWhile in jail, the ACLU paid his bail and wanted him to be a test caseHe and the ACLU lostMitsuye EndoComplied with all the Japanese ordersShe was a Christian and couldn’t speak, read or write JapaneseHer loyalty had never been questioned (her brother was even in the army)ACLU argued they were holding her for stupid reasonsSupreme Court agreesRecognized they were violating their civil rightsLoyalty QuestionnaireNissei men and women were given questionnaires asking if they would servein the military as soldiers or nursesQuestion 27 asked if they would serveQuestion 28 asked if they would swear “unqualified loyalty to the US andforeswear and allegiance or obedience to the Japanese emperor”Yes/yes meant you would be inducted into serviceNo/no meant you would be sent to the segregation camp inside the Tule LakeCampRequests for repatriation as a result of incarceration and the questionnaireThey were also designed for all Japanese internees, in order to draft the loyalJapanese to serve in the US militaryRepeal acts1943SuccessfulEligible for citizenshipAnnual quota 105
Luce-Cellar Bill1946Repeal of Filipino and Asian Indian exclusionEnded the quotasMcCarran-Walter ActAlso known as the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952, the McCarran-Walter Act ended Asian exclusion after WWII. The act introduced a system ofpreference based on skill sets and family reunification. With this, all Asianswere eligible for citizenship but unequal quotas continued. Truman tried toveto the quotas because he felt they were still very racist and he wanted Asianallies for the Cold War. It eventually led to Asian war brides from Korea,Japan, and Philippines.The Warbride ActsDiaozhiRe-utilizing the US judiciary systemThe Chinese Confession ProgramThe Chinese Confession Program lasted from 1956-1965 as a program thatwas initiated by the Justice Department through INS to undermine and destroythe immigration network of the Chinese under the name of investigatingcommunist activities. They were trying to target communists, paper sons, and

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Term
Winter
Professor
ZHAO
Tags
Asian History, Ethnic Economy, Chinese Confession Program

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