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lecture 9 - PSC 1-3 Lecture 9 Page 1 of 4 Announcements...

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PSC 1-3 Lecture 9 Page 1 of 4 Announcements: There are no announcements today. Last lecture: In the last lecture we talked about personality and three out of four of the theories. We discussed Trait Theory and the “Big Five” traits. We also discussed Social- Cognitive learning theory, and we discussed psychoanalysis. This Lecture: I. Humanism (continuation of personality from the last lecture) a. Started by Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow. b. They discovered that the major schools of thoughts have links in common. i. For example in behaviorism and psychoanalysis the common link is that people have no free will: you are controlled by either your subconscious or by punishers and reinforcers. c. In humanism people do have free will, and it focuses on positive behavior. i. Self-actualization means becoming the best person you can be. 1. It is not the goal, but it is the journey that is joyful to us. ii. Perceptions of the world guide our behaviors. 1. Perceptions are based on ourselves. 2. For example, if a professor looks out on a group of students, he sees people that want to learn the subject. But, if a businessman looks out on the same group of students, he sees potential clients. iii. Our self- actualizing tendency is with us from birth, but its expression changes throughout life. This is called the Ideal Self. d. How do bad things occur? i. Environment does not always predict later behavior. 1. Some people overcome their environment by free will. ii. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs states that people need the following five things in their life and the higher things cannot happen if the thing below it does not happen.
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PSC 1-3 Lecture 9 Page 2 of 4 iii. Sometimes humans have peak experiences.
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