Midterm Notes

Midterm Notes - China’s First Empire The Qin Dynasty and...

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Unformatted text preview: China’s First Empire The Qin Dynasty and Ancient Intellectual Thinking • Mandate of Heaven – Son of Gods? • Always bad historical account of previous dynasty so that taking over is justified 1. Capital of Qin dynasty – near Yellow River (Chang’an) 2. The Qin: China’s first empire 3. Qin’s innovation a. Bureaucracy b. Economy c. Unify writing system 4. Qin’s legacies a. Rule of law (harsh laws, punishment) b. Tenacon warriors (SP)))))))))))) c. Great Wall 5. Only emporor to carry sword in painting (signifies military strength) 6. Ancient Chinese Thinking • Three main schools of thoughts: o Confucianism o Legalism o Daoism • Key Arguments o Human Nature o Institutional manifestation o Staqte-society relationship • “The greatest sin was nhot to have heirs” – Mencius • Confucianism o human beings are basically good o • Legalism o human nature is evil o harsh laws = good behavior Daoism o “The Way” – no centralized system required o Most powerful force – nature (abide by universe!) o If you are concerned about something, don’t do anything, just let nature do it i. Qin’s Ruling ideology was legalism a. “book burning” b. “scholar killing” c. Tried to rewrite history – burned books d. Han Dynasty e. Achievements: i. Technology ii. Confucianism iii. Centralization iv. Territorial expansion China: Han and Tang Dynasties China’s Impact on Asia • Han’s Confucianism o Beliefs: Li Hsiao Yi Xin Jen Chunb o Five Relationships: Fater-son Ruler-minister Husband-wife Old-young Friend-friend Five Relationships: Practices: Birth Maturation Marriage Death Post-death Women’s subordination: to father To husband To sons 1. Expansion of Han and Tang dynasties a. Territorial expansion in the north, to secure border security b. Territorial expansion in the west, to create commercial route 2. Silk Road 3. China’s influence on Korea a. Complex b. Cooperative c. Competition d. Silla and Tang: 676 e. Tributary system f. The Koguryo debate China’s Influence on Japan Geography: distance from the mainland, secure borders - isolation & proactive learning Master of learning, successful reform 552-710 influence from the mainland “study abroad program” mission to china 645 taika reform Nara era (710-794) 0 capital modeled after china Heian era (704-1185) –kyoto, culturally vibrant Tributary system: Symbolic Hierarchical Interest-based Implication for china Contemporary revelence Major achievement in ancient china Technology Paper: han dynasty (around 220) Printing: song (960-1127) Gunpowder: Song Compass: song Ideology Territory China and the Impact of the West 1. China was always pretty open to Westerners – Tributary System 2. Emerging conflict with the West a. China i. Stability ii. Confucianism (tradition) iii. Pre-industrial economy iv. Diplomatic: hierarchical b. The West i. Change ii. Science & technology iii. Capitalism iv. Equal diplomacy v. Imperialism 3. The First Opium War (1840-1842)...
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course IR 275 taught by Professor Ye during the Fall '07 term at BU.

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Midterm Notes - China’s First Empire The Qin Dynasty and...

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