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Unformatted text preview: PSYC 2 EXAM 1 REVIEW SHEET, Fall 2005 •Bring a pink scantron form (F-1712-PAR-L) & #2 pencil to the exam. •This review sheet does NOT cover all material that could possibly be on the exam. It is not meant to be the only source you use for studying for the exam, but just a supplement. Chapter 1 1. Distinguish between the different fields within psychobiology & neuroscience. 2. Experimental Methods a. advantages/disadvantages of human vs. nonhuman subjects b. between-subjects vs. within-subjects c. independent and dependent variables d. confounds 3. Non-experimental designs 4. History of Lobotomy - why is it bad science? 5. Animal VS. Human Research a. What can we learn from each? b. Advantages and disadvantages of each? Chapter 2 (skip section 2.3, know what we discussed in class) 1. Cartesian Dualism 2. Monism 3. Evolution basics a. natural selection b. human vs. non-human brain diffs (overall, what's changed? what’s not?) 4. Genetics (discussed in class) a. homozygous vs. heterozygous b. phenotype vs. genotype & examples c. ‘marathon mice’ – what are they? what do they tell us? why study them? 5. Examples of interaction of "nature" and "nurture" or genes and environment a. Tryon's bright and dull rats b. PKU c. Minnesota Twin Studies (book): genetics or environment? problems? Chapter 3 1. central nervous system vs. peripheral nervous system a. Which has more growth and recovery? b. Which has oligodendrocytes vs. schwann cells? c. Which has ganglia vs. nuclei? d. Which has nerves vs. tracts? 2. Divisions of the PNS 3. autonomic systems: parasympathetic vs. sympathetic roles 4. afferent vs. efferent 5. 3 cranial nerves - what do these do? a. Vagus b. Olfactory c. Optic 6. spinal cord & levels of injury issues 7. the meninges (meningitis & encephalitis) 8. cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) - where located? where made? hydrocephalus 9. blood-brain barrier 10. Neurons a. describe and locate all parts b. know support cells 11. Visualizing neuroanatomy a. golgi vs. nissl stain b. anterograde vs. retrograde tracers 12. Navigate in the NS with dorsal, ventral, anterior, posterior, medial, lateral, ipsilateral, contralateral 13. frontal (coronal) vs. sagittal vs. horizontal sections 14. parts of spinal cord - grey and white matter & how information flows to/from the cord 15. Brain Handout - all diagram labels/locations on front & functions on back Chapter 4 (skip sections 4.6 & 4.7) 1. Theory and tools in measuring membrane potential 2. Resting potential = -70mV (inside is more negative) 3. Which ions are at higher concentration outside the cell at the resting potential? inside the cell?...
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