Lecture 4 - Environmental Laws and Regulations Lecture#4...

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1 Environmental Laws and Regulations ± Lecture #4 ± environmental laws and regulations ± reading : Environmental Law Handout-posted on ctools; CN: Changing all the Rules Environmental Laws and Regulations ± needed for the protection of air, water, and land resources ± legislation (laws) initiated at the federal and state level ± regulations are the means to implement the legislation by placing limitations on targeted contaminant concentrations (e.g., water and air quality standards or emission and discharge standards) or restrictions on production, use, and handling Solving the pollution problem? ± creation of the Environmental Protection Agency (Richard Nixon, 1972) ± established federal agency to protect air, water, and land from pollution ± gave states authority to oversee regulations and enforcement Environmental Laws extraction production use disposal Key pieces of legislation that cover air quality ± Clean Air Act 1970 set National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) to preserve and enhance Air Quality. Set primary (public health) and secondary standards (public welfare) ± 6 Criteria Pollutants (-14%) (-38%) (-67%) (-19%) (-26%) (-39%) % change from 1988-1997 Air Pollutant Sources (criteria pollutants) Biggest success story so far with Pb
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2 Air Pollutant Impacts Others holding steady despite increases in population, vehicle miles traveled, and GDP Key pieces of legislation that cover air quality ± Clean Air Act 1970 (cont.)-also established list of hazardous air pollutants HAPs; 189 as of 1990; 650 monitored) ± HAPs generated in more than 10 tons/yr. must be treated with maximum available control technology (MACTs) Key pieces of legislation that cover water quality ± Safe Drinking Water Act (1974) set to protect the nation’s drinking water sources and protect public health by using proper water treatment techniques ± established primary (MCLs: 16 inorganics, 54 organics, 3 radionuclides, 5 microorganisms) and secondary drinking water standards bMaximum Contaminant Level; cMaximum Contaminant Level
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course CEE 260 taught by Professor Kimf.hayes during the Fall '06 term at University of Michigan.

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Lecture 4 - Environmental Laws and Regulations Lecture#4...

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