Lecture 2 - Show and Tell How Things V ,x i ’ I ‘ ....

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Unformatted text preview: Show and Tell How Things V ,x i ’ I ‘ . 24,. M MM my Englneerlng ‘ ‘z‘n North American“ LectureZ Work .U‘ 1 The Makers of Things Standard India-er: These knure mates are provided as a SERVIG tn you to help you studylor this class. At no time arewe litigated to provide notes for evety |e<ture. Undennnd that these notes are NOT a replacement for either coming to Imue or lar the class readings. haeed. these notes represent only a PARTIAL SET. whkh means it's up to you to attend class (or to find someone eise‘s notes) to fill lit the SUESYANTIALFIXOM ofthe IKltle that has been left out 0' thesenotes. Indeed. these notesmey represent ontyadraftw may Engineering 1 be based on lut term's leaum (wt-'01 mayor my not be repeated it their entirety for mu term! it it rum out nut attendance to the dais drown below an we reserve the right to reduce the amount of (outer! In these notes, I! it turns out that met-dame to lhtrI elm amps below 80%; we also reserve the right to dlxontlnue the distribution of these notes either before or after ledure. Capyrighc o zoos, Jason M Data no but Hildlnger, Au Right; 1. Dalda ' E. Hildlnger LA. Auto Show (and hopefully NAAS) I Bugatti Veyron 16.4 "rota: f. Akod fol New Von Times arm: 'Bogaru vyron 1M: ToDrrve rheunpossiMeDreonx‘Nr‘r, 25mm 1 001 hp engine, 16 cylinders, 8 liters, everyday speed 234 mph, top speed 253 mph (fas ter than a Grand Prix racer) 0-60 mph in 2.5 5, 0-250 mph in 55.6 s. Brakes 250 mph to 0 in under 10 s W'W’W‘W'WW Preview Wu, httwaugatritanmam/ Preview Preview I Background I Background I Definitions Background Preview xiA, x; @meermg Desrgn I the Real World I Background T ' > I Definitions I The Makers of Things Technical — Case Studies “WWW - 6° of Le Clic Den-j“ - Ethics & Teamwork mam,“ . 4, Robustness HIM Mating: Cowmwum & Abstraction Background Background I Definitions I More definitions - Engineering design - Systems - The systematic, intelligent generation and evaluation of - A regularly interacting or interdependent group of items specifications for artifacts whose form and function achieve forming a unified whole. Merriam-Webster stated objectives and satisfy specified constraints (Dym & Little, _ systems thinking p. 8) - Realization, identification, and manipulation of key interrelationships and variables that influence behavior over - Engineering design is the process of devising a system, "me component, or process to meet desired needs (Accreditation Board of Engineering and Technology) Background 9mm; and system; WW Design Precision & Robustness Accuracy Cowatizatim 6: Abn‘mction Background I Some definitions - Adversity (Dictionary) - Unfortunate event or circumstance - Contentions - Adversity plays a significant and timeless role In engineering design in the real world ' Adversity is an basic driver in improvement in engineering design 0 Adversity. In and of itself, is neither positive nor negative A Paradigm I The Makers of Things don’t live or design in a vacuum - Design meets a need for a problem that matters to someone - "Problems that matter” generally involve adversity - A useful way of thinking about the community of a designer Client /' \ Designer <—> User From Dym a Unit, Engineering Design, 2000 Background / .fystmandglstm / Tedwcal' Commutation Design Precision & Robustness Accuracy Cowatizatim 6: Abn‘mction Example: Video 1 I How are adversity, engineering design, and a person's own life experience related in this example? Making Things I Designer - Creates things according to client objectives and user needs I Client - Employs the designer (typical) - Responsible for manufacturing and distributing things designers make I User — Uses the thing that the designer created and the client manufactured Making Things I Let's look at what happens with the designer — One who creates things according to client objectives and user needs - People are key - Problem statement is murky ' Things are often complex and often requires multiple fields of engineering I This turns out to be different from a "word problem” like this - Design [something] to do [some function] - People irrelevant - Problem statement can be made "perfect" ' [Some function] can be made specific to field of engineering Making Things I A Game - What kinds of engineering are involved in the making of this camera? Six Degrees of LeClic® I Our silly variation on Six Degrees of Kevin Bacon llarrrmal-ul un- “Rum-n dun-u h“ nna run- \In - Brett Tjaden's parlor game that posits that Kevin Bacon is at r..." m.- u. in center of (movie) universe ~ no... u....~ III kni- liar-I — Larger significance in the modeling of social networks hnpJ/wwwunlale.edu/sfilpublications/Bullelins/bullelinFaIl99/worklnProgress/smalIWorldmml ht!pV/coilegianksu‘edufissues/vl00/FA/n069/leamaking-bacon-hoquahlmi Making Things I Even the most mundane things tend to be complex, requiring multiple fields of engineering A Game I Six Degrees of LeClic® — Posits that a LeClicO is at the center of the engineering universe - Is no more than six degrees of separation from any engineering discipline A Game I To start, one needs to recognize that each camera is a system System A regularly interacting or interdependent group of items forming a unified whole. Merriam-Webster Six Degrees of LeCIic® I Start: Chemical Engineering (ChE) Six Degrees of LeCIic® \r “"5; afl 6‘ I Chemical Engineering “ — Chemical engineering involves the processing and treating of liquids l Mini/wwwjodakcorrvcgi-MVweoCaulogpl Imoduu = KOOAM MAX H rims Six Degrees of LeCIic® \r “"5; afl 6‘ I Chemical Engineering “ — Chemical engineering involves the processing and treating of liquids I Liquids - Photographic emulsion is deposited as a liquid on a plastic substrate to create 35 mm film I 35 mm film - This particular LeClicO is packaged with Kodak” Max 35 mm film i Mini/wwwjodakcorrvcgi-MVweoCaulogpl Imoduu = KOOAM MAX H rims l Six Degrees of LeCIic® 375; cc \7 , “g Mini/wwwjodakcorrvcgi-MVweoCaulogpl Imoduu = KOOAM MAX H rims l mu \r m I Chemical Engineering “a — Chemical engineering involves the processing and treating of liquids I Liquids - Photographic emulsion is deposited as a liquid on a plastic substrate to create 35 mm film Six Degrees of LeCIic® ‘h Mini/wwwjodakcorrvcgi-MVweoCaulogpl Imoduu = KOOAM MAX H rims Six Degrees of LeCIic® \r “"5; afl 6‘ I Chemical Engineering “ — Chemical engineering involves the processing and treating of liquids I Liquids - Photographic emulsion is deposited as a liquid on a plastic substrate to create 35 mm film I 35 mm film - This particular LeClicO is packaged with Kodak” Max 35 mm film I LeClic® Number = l Mini/wwwjodakcorrvcgi-MVweoCaulogpl Imoduu = KOOAM MAX H rims Six Degrees of LeCIic® I Start: Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering (NAME) Six Degrees of LeCIic® I LeClic‘” is produced by Keystone® I Keystone” is a subsidiary of Concord Camera Corp - NASDAQ / NMS Symbol: LENS — Concord Headquarters at Hollywood, FL I Manufacturing at Concord H.G. Electronics Factory — Longgang Industrial Estate of Shenzhen, People’s Republic of China hupilwwwcmoldumxoml Six Degrees of LeCIic® htlpd/www.ponseattleorg/harbor/cargolb_container.htm Six Degrees of LeCIic® Six Degrees of LeCIic® I Concord H.G. Electronics Factory — Capable of manufacturing 3 million cameras] month (about 100,000 cameras /day or about a camera/sec) - Distribution points at USA, United Kingdom, France. Canada, and Germany - Major shipping from Shenzhen necessary through ocean freight - Exclusive truck or air freight not feasible for high volume - Rail not feasible from PRC to distribution points hupilwwwcmoldumxoml Six Degrees of LeCIic® I Naval architecture and marine engineering - Involves fixed and moving structures in a marine environment. which Includes boats htlpd/www.ponseattleorg/harbor/cargolb_container.htm Six Degrees of LeClic® I Naval architecture and marine engineering - Involves fixed and moving structures in a marine environment, which includes boats I Boats - Boats that are suitable for shipping cargo from Shenzhen are ocean freighters hupJ/www.ponseattleorg/harbor/cargo/b_conlainenhlm Six Degrees of LeClic® I Naval architecture and marine engineering - Involves fixed and moving structures in a marine environment, which includes boats I Boats - Boats that are suitable for shipping cargo from Shenzhen are ocean freighters I Ocean freighters - Ocean freighters carry cargo shipments of I.e(lii:¢° to USA I LeCIic° Number = hupJ/www.ponseattleorg/harbor/cargo/b_conlainenhlm Kinds of Engineering I If Engineering is the Making of Dreams, different kinds of making reflects the different disciplines (i.e., areas of specialization) in engineering I Resources — www.asee.org Six Degrees of LeClic® I Naval architecture and marine engineering - Involves fixed and moving structures in a marine environment, which includes boats I Boats - Boats that are suitable for shipping cargo from Shenzhen are ocean freighters I Ocean freighters - Ocean freighters carry cargo shipments of I.e(lii:¢° to USA hupJ/www.ponseattleorg/harbor/cargo/b_conlainenhlm Six Degrees of LeClic® I Without Chemical Engineering or Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering, LeClic® would not be a feasible product I Just what kind of engineering does it take to make possible buying a cheap camera? Aerospace Engineering I To design, testing and fabrication of rockets, satellites, interplanetary vehicles and all sorts of other flying machines http://www.engin.umich.edu/dept/aero/ Atmospherlcv Oceanic and Biomedical Engineering ' “ 1 E Space Sciences ' ’ " " m .' I Combines biology and medicine with I Encompasses global climate change, meteorology, chemical, mechanical, material, computer, the chemistry and physics of the atmosphere, remote and nuclear engineering sensing on Earth, the Sun and other planets hnp://aoss.engin.umich.edu/ “ ‘ ‘ hupd/wwwbmaumicnedu/ Chemical Engineering Civil and Environmental Engineering - - . I Involves the processing and treating of liquids and I Enfompasses consuudion' mate'ia's' _a"d “mamas gases of Infrastructure, as well as for the envrronment at large hum/www.mym nmxchrduldepucheme lbgm. ‘ ‘ ' ' ‘ ' ' ' Mlpjlwwwrnglnuvmchrdu/engineen'MW/f \ . V . . _ l http://www.engin.umichledu/dept/cee/ fawn/DNA )1! ml Electrical Engineering and Computer Science I Encompasses everything electric and el -. Industrial and Operations Engineering F ' 'L] I Involves the organization of people, information, energy, materials, and machines in production processes hnp://www.engin.umich.edu/dept/ioe/ hilpi//WWW-EECS-Umi<h.9du/ hnp://www.engin.umich.edu/dept/ioe/HUMOSIM/press.html Materials Science and Engineering I Involves the processing and treating of solids hupflmsewwwenginlumkhedul Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering I Involves fixed and moving structures in a marine environment hand/www.mgin.umkhredu/depuname imp://www.engin.umkh.edu/depllmeam Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences I Encompasses fission, fusion, plasmas, I--».-.-;. ._,_ _ a waste management as well as the health-related fields of radiation physics, dosimetry and imaging http://www.engin.umich.edu/dept/nuclear Six Degrees of LeClic® Another Example I How does adversity affect the following design? Another Exam le I Stardust comes home this Sunday 1/15/05 — Mission: To recover matter from Comet Wild 2 and bring back the first extraterrestrial material from outside the orbit of the moon Coming Home M19! a gummy 0| nanny 3 billion males mu Stardust sDacocvan k5 scheduled In return as came or corner and Interstellar dusl to Sam on Smday morning ' ‘ uuncnm in February 1999 m cm“ me! up mm 0mm Was 2 n any S'I-W“ 2004 (nghx). passng Waugh [M halo of ms! and gas wuoummg .u \ nucleus is calm sanva Scmnuls hcm mo mlumod pandas mll prowldo insgm Inlo me ongms 0! me sdm system an: sag-um [Avg .2 I. Sinmusv mmmr, horn Como! cumin“: A c0317 ' 2.AI 68 805 miles l'om Earm, sarrole remm capsule separates Mam spacecran law 10 caplum the dust Stamusls , comma: uses cells hum with . mange“ “N’s” ‘° "W" 'V'W‘W Spacecmfl commas aevogei 7 Ihe :mesmensny sand . '0 mm :41 Sun Imam mamaoscopcmslslams .n.............'...>..... mlolho go! .1: won 13 000 m p n , Leapsmo: Hunters atmosphere leaving mammalian; nnmegelbm 28560mph ramming lolmweiy mum Wu COULCYOH Another Exam le I How does adversity affect the following design? Another Example '9‘ :9 " I Stardustcomes home this Sunday 1/15/05 — Mission: To recover matter from Comet Wild 2 and bring back the first extraterrestrial material from outside the orbit of the moon And there is tension about this Sunday... I Return capsule is similar to that used with this spacecraft... And there is tension about this Sunday... Return capsule is similar to that used with this spacecraft... Stay tuned for this Sunday... I And hope all goes well... Teamwork: two aspects Working together Conducting meetings and the Honor Code A bump (a year ago) I Versus what did happen... M MichiganEnglng Teamwork Some hints to help you along Dale Carnegie I Famous early writer of self-help books I In 19305 wrote How to Win Friends and Influence People I Gave advice that is still useful today Win people to your way of thinking I "The only way to get the best of an argument is to avoid it." I "Show respect for the other person’s opinions. Never say, ‘You’re wrong.” I "If you are wrong, admit it quickly and emphatically." Carnegie, D. How to win Friends andlnfluence People, New York: Pocket Books, 1936, 1981 Win people to your way of thinking I "Let the other person feel that the idea is his or hers." I "Try honestly to see things from the other person's point of view.” I "Be sympathetic with the other person's ideas and desires." Carnegie. D. How to Win Friends and Influence People, New York: Pocket Books, 1936. 1931 Win people to your way of thinking I "Appeal to nobler motives.” I "Dramatize your ideas.” I "Throw down a challenge.” Carnegie, D. How to Win Friends and Influence People, New York: Pocket Books, 1 936, 1 981 Win people to your way of thinking I "Begin in a friendly way.” I "Get the other person saying, 'yes, yes’, immediately.” I "Let the other person do a great deal of the talking.” Carnegie. D. How to Win Friends and Influence People, New York: Pocket Book. 1936. 1 981 Win people to your way of thinking I "Be sympathetic with other I "Let the other person feel that the idea is his or hers.” I "Try honestly to see things from the other person’s point of view.” (I rnegle. D. How to Win Friends and Influence People, New York: Pocket Books. 1936. 1 931 The Honor Code I It governs students’ behavior both in the Engineering College and in other colleges I You are bound to its terms; you should read it “It is dishonorable for students to receive credit for work which is not the result of their efforts.” College of Engineering Honor Code Remember: There is an Honor Council “Engineers must possess personal integrity both as students and as professionals. They must be honorable people to ensure the safety, health, fairness, and proper use of available resources in their undertakings.” College of Engineering Honor Code “Students enrolled in the college of engineering are expected to conduct themselves in such a manner as to be a credit to the university and to the communityw and most importantly to themselves.” College of Engineering Honor Code ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course ENGR 100 taught by Professor Winarsky/hildinger during the Winter '07 term at University of Michigan.

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Lecture 2 - Show and Tell How Things V ,x i ’ I ‘ ....

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