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STEM INQUIRY BASED LEARNING_cosmed (2).pptx - STEM INQUIRY...

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STEM INQUIRYBASED LEARNINGDR ROSE AMNAH ABD RAUFDEPT. OF MATHEMATICS & SCIENCE EDUCATIOFACULTY OF EDUCATIONUNIVERSITY OF MALAYA
PIAGET THEORY ON COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENTFormal Operational Stage(Ages: 12 and Up )TheMajor Characteristics and Developmental Changes:At this stage, the adolescent or young adult begins to think abstractly andreason about hypothetical problems.Abstract thought emerges.Teens begin to think more about moral, philosophical, ethical, social, andpolitical issues that require theoretical and abstract reasoning.Begin to use deductive logic, or reasoning from a general principle to specificinformation.The final stage of Piaget's theory involves an increase in logic, the ability touse deductive reasoning, and an understanding of abstract ideas. At thispoint, people become capable of seeing multiple potential solutions toproblems and think more scientifically about the world around them.The ability to thinking about abstract ideas and situations is the key hallmarkof the formal operational stage of cognitive development. The ability tosystematically plan for the future and reason about hypothetical situations arealso critical abilities that emerge during this stage.
Erikson's Theory of PsychosocialDevelopmentErikson’s theory describes the impact of social experience across the wholelifespan. One of the main elements of Erikson’s psychosocial stage theory isthe development of ego identity.Ego identity is the conscious sense of self that we develop through socialinteraction.Each stage in Erikson’s theory is concerned with becomingcompetent in an area of life.If the stage is handled well, the person will feel a sense of mastery, which hesometimes referred to as ego strength or ego quality.If the stage is managed poorly, the person will emerge with a sense ofinadequacy.

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