SOQ10_Answers - General Biology Study Objective...

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General Biology Study Objective Questions #10 Cell Metabolism Reading: Raven et. al., Chapter 12 1. Meiosis – process of chromosome conjugation and two cell divisions, where the diploid chromosome number becomes reduced to the haploid Syngamy – fusion of gametes to form a new cell (zygote), also called fertilization 2. Haploid – having one set of chromosomes (gametes) Diploid – having two sets of chromosomes (somatic cells) Somatic Cells – nonreproductive cells Gametes – eggs and sperm Germline Cells – diploid cells set aside early in life that undergo meiosis to produce haploid gametes 3. Alteration of Generations is a reproductive cycle in which a haploid phase the gametophyte gives rise to gametes, which after fusion form the zygote, germinate or produce a diploid phase which is also known as a sporophyte. Spores produced by meiotic division give rise to new gametophytes, completing the cycle.
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4. Differences between Meiosis I and Mitosis Chromosome behavior a.
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