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SOQ10_FALL_06 - Study Objective Questions 1 Meiosis and...

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Study Objective Questions # 1 Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction Reading: Raven et. al., Chapter 12 1. Define meiosis and syngamy . Why are both necessary for sexual reproduction? Meiosis- reduction division process (chromosome number is reduced by half) occurs in reproductive cells to form gametes Syngamy (fertilization)- fusion of gametes to form a new cell, form a diploid cell, carries chromosomes from both parents 2. Define haploid, diploid, somatic cells, germline, and gametes . Haploid- represented as ‘n’, one set of chromosomes present in gametes Diploid- represented as ‘2n’, two sets of chromosomes present in gametes Somatic cells- normal body cells, diploid in human cells Germline cells- sex cells, haploid Gametes- sperm and egg 3. Define and briefly describe alternation of generations . Describe how this process differs in protists, plants, and animals. Protists are haploid, zygotes undergoes meiosis to produce haploid cells that then undergo mitosis Plants and some protists alternate between a multicellular haploid
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SOQ10_FALL_06 - Study Objective Questions 1 Meiosis and...

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