Study_Objective_Questions__19 - Study Objective Questions #...

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Study Objective Questions # 19 Chapter 27 1. What are the two major groups of prokaryotes? Archaebacteria and bacteria 2. How do prokaryotes differ from eukaryotes? Can these differences be used in the treatment of bacterial disease (infection)? How? Unicellularity, Cell Size (pro are only 1 micrometer or less, eukaryotes are 10 times the size), Chromosomes (eukaryotes have them, pro have nucleiods), Cell division and genetic recombination (pro divide by binary fission, asexual mode of reproduction but have mechanisms that allow them to transfer genetic material), Internal Compartmentalization (pro have no internal compartmentalization), Flagella (pro have simple, euk have complex…function differently), Metabolic Diversity 3. Discuss the four major ways in which archaebacteria and eubacteria differ. Plasma membranes – composition is different Cell Wall – eubacteria has peptidoglycan and archaebacteria doesn’t Gene Translation Machinery – archaebacteria is more similar to eukaryotes in this respect Gene Architecture – archaebacteria contain introns, bacteria doesn’t 4. Describe the structure of the prokaryotic cell surface. What are gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria? How do they differ? What are peptidoglycans and
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Study_Objective_Questions__19 - Study Objective Questions #...

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