Test 3 - SOQs - General Biology STUDY OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS#9...

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General Biology STUDY OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS #9 Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction Raven et al., Chapter 11 1. Describe the process of meiosis. 2. Define somatic and germline cells. What are gametes? 3. List and discuss two major features that distinguish meiosis from mitosis. 4. List and describe the stages of meiosis I and meiosis II. Draw a diagram showing the process of meiosis using two pairs of homologous chromosomes. Compare this with mitosis. What are the differences? 5. Describe the function of the synaptonemal complex. At what stage of meiosis do synapse and crossing over occur? 6. What are the evolutionary consequences of sexual reproduction? STUDY OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS #10 Patterns of Inheritance Raven et al., Chapters 12 and 13 1. Define dominant gene, recessive gene, F1 generation, F2 generation, allele, genotype, phenotype, heterozygous and homozygous. 2. Describe the 5 elements of the Mendelian model of heredity. What is the Mendelian ratio and what is its significance? 3. Using a Punnet Square explain what happened when Mendel crossed white flowered peas with purple flowered peas. How could his results be checked? 4. What are Mendel’s two Laws of Heredity? 5. Define continuous variation . 6. What are pleiotropic alleles? Give an example. 7. Define and briefly describe the terms: incomplete dominance and co- dominance .
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