Lecture Notes Ch 10

Lecture Notes Ch 10 - Chapter 10 Your Health Today Chapter...

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Chapter 10 Your Health Today Chapter 10 Alcohol and Tobacco: Making Responsible Choices LEARNING OBJECTIVES After completing this chapter, the student will be able to: discuss patterns of alcohol and tobacco use in the Untied States. describe both the biological, psychosocial, and sociocultural/environmental factors that relate to alcohol use. explain the physical and psychological effects of alcohol and tobacco. discuss the health risks and social problems that can result from alcohol and tobacco use. describe abuse and dependence. explain the different approaches to treatment for alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence and the various treatment options available to an individual who wants to quit using tobacco products describe the substances in various forms of tobacco products. explain nicotine addiction, tolerance, and withdrawal. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS psychoactive drug A substance that causes changes in brain chemistry and alters consciousness. abstainer A person who drinks no alcoholic beverages or drinks less often than once a year. heavy drinker A man who drinks more than two drinks a day or a woman who drinks more than one drink a day. light drinker A man who drinks less than two drinks a day or a woman who drinks less than one drink a day. moderate drinker A man who drinks no more than two drinks a day or a woman who drinks no more than one drink a day. intoxication Altered state of consciousness as a result of drinking alcohol or ingesting another substance. binge drinking The consumption of five or more drinks in a row by a man or four or more drinks in a row by a woman. drink A beverage containing 0.5 ounces or 15 grams of alcohol, the amount contained in one 12-ounce beer, one 5-ounce glass of wine, or one 1.5-ounce shot of 80-proof distilled liquor. central nervous system depressant A chemical substance that slows down the activity of the brain and spinal cord. blood alcohol concentration (BAC) The amount of alcohol in grams in 100 ml of blood, expressed as a percentage. acute alcohol intoxication A life-threatening blood alcohol concentration. blackout a period of time during which a drinker is conscious but has impaired memory function as a result of changes in the hippocampus. fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) A set of birth defects associated with use of alcohol during pregnancy. cardiomyopahty Disease of the heart muscle. fatty liver A condition is in which the liver swells with fat globules as a result of alcohol consumption. alcoholic hepatitis Inflammation of the liver as a result of alcohol consumption. cirrhosis Scarring of the liver as a result of alcohol consumption. 1
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Chapter 10 Your Health Today problem drinking A pattern of alcohol use that impairs the drinker’s life, causing difficulties for the drinker and for others. alcohol abuse
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course KIN 1003 taught by Professor Wellnes during the Fall '08 term at Texas San Antonio.

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Lecture Notes Ch 10 - Chapter 10 Your Health Today Chapter...

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