specbook - Texas Department of Transportation STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE OF HIGHWAYS STREETS AND BRIDGES Adopted by the

specbook - Texas Department of Transportation STANDARD...

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Unformatted text preview: Texas Department of Transportation STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE OF HIGHWAYS, STREETS, AND BRIDGES Adopted by the Texas Department of Transportation June 1, 2004 Published in June 2004. This document has been created to further the purposes of §201.053(b)(7) Texas Transportation Code to maximize federal funding for highways, public transportation, and aviation purposes, and to help the Department achieve its performance measures set out in the General Appropriations Act, H.B. 1, 76th Legislature, Regular Session. This publication has been filed with the State Publications Clearinghouse in the State Library in accordance with the Texas State Depository Law. Recycled Paper Foreword To purchase a copy of this book, go to TxDOT’s web page, , General Services Division or call TxDOT’s General Services Division. For additional information on specifications and updates or information on Departmental Material Specifications (DMS), Manual of Testing Procedures, Material Inspection Guide and other material information go to . Outline of Specifications Each specification is outlined by Articles and Sections. The basic Articles required for a specification are: XXX.1. Description. XXX.2. Materials. XXX.3. Equipment. XXX.4. Construction or Work Methods. XXX.5. Measurement. XXX.6. Payment. Here “XXX” represents the Item number. Some Articles are not used in every Item. Measurement and Payment Articles are combined when the work described is subsidiary to bid items of the Contract. Hierarchy of Organizational Elements The hierarchy of organizational elements available below the Item level is as follows: XXX.X. Article. A. Section. 1. Section. a. Section. (1) Section. (a) Section. The term Section is used for all breaks below the Article. i ii TABLE OF CONTENTS ITEMS 1-9 General Requirements and Covenants ITEM Definition of Terms ........................................................... 1 Instructions to Bidders ..................................................... 16 Award and Execution of Contract.................................... 25 Scope of Work ................................................................. 28 Control of the Work......................................................... 32 Control of Materials......................................................... 38 Legal Relations and Responsibilities ............................... 42 Prosecution and Progress ................................................. 56 Measurement and Payment .............................................. 66 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 100 ITEMS Earth Work and Landscape ITEM Preparing Right of Way ................................................... 75 Disposal of Wells............................................................. 76 Removing Concrete ......................................................... 78 Removing Stabilized Base and Asphalt Pavement .......... 79 Obliterating Abandoned Road ......................................... 80 Excavation ....................................................................... 80 Subgrade Widening.......................................................... 82 Embankment .................................................................... 83 Backfilling Pavement Edges ............................................ 89 Blading............................................................................. 90 Road Grader Work........................................................... 91 Scraper Work ................................................................... 92 Bulldozer Work ............................................................... 93 Specialized Excavation Work .......................................... 94 Topsoil ............................................................................. 95 Compost........................................................................... 98 Sodding for Erosion Control.......................................... 101 Seeding for Erosion Control .......................................... 103 Fertilizer......................................................................... 115 Vegetative Watering ...................................................... 116 Soil Retention Blankets ................................................. 117 Irrigation System ........................................................... 118 Wildflower Seeding ....................................................... 121 Landscape Planting ........................................................ 122 Landscape Establishment............................................... 128 100. 103. 104. 105. 106. 110. 112. 132. 134. 150. 152. 154. 156. 158. 160. 161. 162. 164. 166. 168. 169. 170. 180. 192. 193. iii TABLE OF CONTENTS (continued) 200 ITEMS Subgrade Treatments and Base ITEM Sprinking........................................................................ 133 Rolling ........................................................................... 133 Proof Rolling.................................................................. 138 Flexible Base.................................................................. 138 Reworking Base Courses ............................................... 146 Lime Treatment (Road-Mixed)...................................... 152 Lime Treatment (Plant-Mixed) ...................................... 159 Fly Ash or Lime—Fly Ash Treatment (Road-Mixed)................................................................. 166 Cement Treatment (Road-Mixed) .................................. 174 Cement Treatment (Plant-Mixed) .................................. 180 Asphalt Treatment (Plant-Mixed) .................................. 186 204. 210. 216. 247. 251. 260. 263. 265. 275. 276. 292. 300 ITEMS Surface Courses and Pavement ITEM Asphalts, Oils, and Emulsions ....................................... 199 Asphalt Antistripping Agents......................................... 215 Aggregates for Surface Treatments................................ 218 Salvaging, Hauling, and Stockpiling Reclaimable Asphalt Pavement .......................................................... 222 Prime Coat ..................................................................... 223 Emulsified Asphalt Treatment ....................................... 224 Fog Seal ......................................................................... 225 Surface Treatments ........................................................ 226 Hot Asphalt-Rubber Surface Treatments ....................... 232 Equipment for Asphalt Concrete Pavement ................... 237 Limestone Rock Asphalt Pavement ............................... 242 Hot-Mix Cold-Laid Asphalt Concrete Pavement........... 255 Dense-Graded Hot-Mix Asphalt (Method) .................... 265 Dense-Graded Hot-Mix Asphalt (QC/QA) .................... 278 Permeable Friction Course (PFC) .................................. 312 Performance-Designed Mixtures ................................... 329 Stone-Matrix Asphalt..................................................... 364 Microsurfacing............................................................... 398 Flexible Pavement Structure Repair............................... 405 Planing and Texturing Pavement ................................... 408 Fabric Underseal ............................................................ 410 300. 301. 302. 305. 310. 314. 315. 316. 318. 320. 330. 334. 340. 341. 342. 344. 346. 350. 351. 354. 356. iv TABLE OF CONTENTS (continued) 358. 360. 361. 368. Asphalt Concrete Surface Rehabilitation....................... 413 Concrete Pavement ........................................................ 416 Full-Depth Repair of Concrete Pavement...................... 432 Concrete Pavement Terminals ....................................... 434 400 ITEMS Structures ITEM Excavation and Backfill for Structures .......................... 437 Flowable Backfill........................................................... 450 Trench Excavation Protection........................................ 452 Temporary Special Shoring ........................................... 453 Driving Piling ................................................................ 454 Foundation Test Load .................................................... 462 Timber Piling ................................................................. 463 Steel Piling..................................................................... 465 Prestressed Concrete Piling............................................ 470 Drilled Shaft Foundations .............................................. 472 Concrete Structures........................................................ 482 Hydraulic Cement Concrete........................................... 516 Reinforced Concrete Slab .............................................. 535 Retaining Walls ............................................................. 537 Precast Concrete Structures (Fabrication)...................... 547 Precast Prestressed Concrete Structural Members ......... 572 Prestressing .................................................................... 575 Surface Finishes for Concrete........................................ 593 Concrete Surface Treatment .......................................... 601 Concrete Structure Repair.............................................. 603 Extending Concrete Structures ...................................... 608 Pneumatically Placed Concrete...................................... 610 Riprap ............................................................................ 616 Elastomeric Bridge Bearings ......................................... 627 Cleaning and Sealing Joints and Cracks (Rigid Pavement and Bridge Decks) ......................................................... 634 Concrete Bridge Deck Overlays .................................... 636 Reinforcing Steel ........................................................... 643 Steel Structures .............................................................. 653 Metal for Structures ....................................................... 672 Galvanizing.................................................................... 678 Cleaning and Painting Steel ........................................... 682 Structural Bolting........................................................... 702 400. 401. 402. 403. 404. 405. 406. 407. 409. 416. 420. 421. 422. 423. 424. 425. 426. 427. 428. 429. 430. 431. 432. 434. 438. 439. 440. 441. 442. 445. 446. 447. v TABLE OF CONTENTS (continued) 448. 449. 450. 452. 453. 454. 458. 459. 460. 461. 462. 464. 465. 466. 467. 471. 472. 473. 474. 476. 479. 480. 481. 483. 490. 491. 492. 495. 496. 497. 499. Structural Field Welding................................................ 708 Anchor Bolts .................................................................. 729 Railing............................................................................ 734 Removing Railing .......................................................... 737 Temporary Railing ......................................................... 738 Bridge Expansion Joints ................................................ 739 Waterproofing Membranes for Structures...................... 742 Gabions and Gabion Mattresses..................................... 747 Corrugated Metal Pipe ................................................... 751 Structural Plate Structures.............................................. 760 Concrete Box Culverts and Storm Drains ...................... 765 Reinforced Concrete Pipe .............................................. 770 Manholes and Inlets ....................................................... 778 Headwalls and Wingwalls.............................................. 782 Safety End Treatment .................................................... 785 Frames, Grates, Rings, and Covers ................................ 789 Removing and Re-Laying Culvert and Storm Drain Pipe ...................................................................... 790 Laying Culvert and Storm Drain Pipe............................ 792 Slotted Drain .................................................................. 793 Jacking, Boring, or Tunneling Pipe or Box.................... 794 Adjusting Manholes and Inlets ...................................... 798 Cleaning Existing Culverts ............................................ 799 PVC Pipe for Drains ...................................................... 800 Scarifying Concrete Bridge Slab.................................... 801 Timber Structures........................................................... 802 Timber for Structures..................................................... 804 Timber Preservative and Treatment ............................... 805 Raising Existing Structures............................................ 807 Removing Structures...................................................... 809 Sale of Salvageable Material.......................................... 810 Adjusting Steel Shoes .................................................... 811 500 ITEMS Miscellaneous Construction ITEM Mobilization................................................................... 813 Barricades, Signs, and Traffic Handling ........................ 814 Field Office and Laboratory........................................... 816 Temporary Erosion, Sedimentation, and Environmental Controls ................................................. 820 500. 502. 504. 506. vi TABLE OF CONTENTS (continued) ` 508. 510. 512. 514. 520. 528. 529. 530. 531. 533. 536. 538. 540. 542. 544. 545. 550. 552. 556. 560. 585. Constructing Detours ..................................................... 834 One-Way Traffic Control............................................... 836 Portable Concrete Traffic Barrier .................................. 837 Permanent Concrete Traffic Barrier............................... 839 Weighing and Measuring Equipment ............................ 842 Colored Textured Concrete and Landscape Pavers ............................................................................ 844 Concrete Curb, Gutter, and Combined Curb and Gutter ...................................................................... 848 Intersections, Driveways, and Turnouts......................... 850 Sidewalks....................................................................... 851 Shoulder Texturing ........................................................ 853 Concrete Medians and Directional Islands .................... 854 Right of Way Markers ................................................... 855 Metal Beam Guard Fence .............................................. 856 Removing Metal Beam Guard Fence............................. 860 Guardrail End Treatments.............................................. 862 Crash Cushion Attenuators ............................................ 863 Chain Link Fence........................................................... 864 Wire Fence..................................................................... 871 Pipe Underdrains ........................................................... 873 Mailbox Assemblies ...................................................... 877 Ride Quality for Pavement Surfaces.............................. 878 600 ITEMS Lighting, Signing, Markings, and Signals ITEM Roadway Illumination Assemblies ................................ 887 High Mast Illumination Poles ........................................ 890 High Mast Illumination Assemblies .............................. 894 Performance Testing of Lighting Systems..................... 896 Temporary Roadway Illumination ................................. 896 Conduit .......................................................................... 898 Electrical Conductors..................................................... 901 Tray Cable ..................................................................... 902 Duct Cable ..................................................................... 903 Ground Boxes ................................................................ 905 Zinc-Coated Steel Wire Strand ...................................... 906 Treated Timber Poles..................................................... 907 Electrical Services.......................................................... 909 Plywood Signs ............................................................... 911 610. 613. 614. 616. 617. 618. 620. 621. 622. 624. 625. 627. 628. 634. vii TABLE OF CONTENTS (continued) 636. 643. 644. 647. 650. 652. 654. 656. 658. 662. 666. 668. 672. 677. 678. 680. 681. 682. 684. 685. 686. 687. 688. 690. Aluminum Signs ............................................................ 914 Sign Identification Decals.............................................. 918 Small Roadside Sign Supports and Assemblies............. 920 Large Roadside Sign Supports and Assemblies............. 922 Overhead Sign Supports................................................. 925 Highway Sign Lighting Fixtures.................................... 930 Sign Walkways .............................................................. 931 Foundations for Traffic Control Devices ....................... 933 Delineator and Object Marker Assemblies .................... 935 Work Zone Pavement Markings .................................... 937 Reflectorized Pavement Markings ................................. 939 Prefabricated Pavement Markings ................................. 944 Raised Pavement Markers.............................................. 947 Eliminating Existing Pavement Markings and Markers .......................................................................... 949 Pavement Surface Preparation for Markings ................. 951 Installation of Highway Traffic Signals......................... 952 Temporary Traffic Signals ............................................. 956 Vehicle and Pedestrian Signal Heads............................. 957 Traffic Signal Cables ..................................................... 959 Roadside Flashing Beacon Assemblies.......................... 962 Traffic Signal Pole Assemblies (Steel) .......................... 965 Pedestal Pole Assemblies............................................... 969 Pedestrian Detectors and Vehicle Loop Detectors ......... 970 Maintenance of Traffic Signals...................................... 973 700 ITEMS Maintenance ITEM Pothole Repair................................................................ 981 Cleaning and Sealing Joints and Cracks (Asphalt Concrete) ......................................................... 982 Repair of Spalling in Concrete Pavement ...................... 984 Roadside Mowing .......................................................... 985 Litter Removal ............................................................... 987 Debris Removal ............................................................. 988 Cleaning and Sweeping Highways................................. 989 Graffiti Removal and Anti-Graffiti Coating................... 991 Picnic and Rest Area Maintenance ................................ 993 Landscape Maintenance................................................. 997 Tree and Brush Removal................................................ 999 700. 712. 720. 730. 734. 735. 738. 740. 745. 751. 752. viii TABLE OF CONTENTS (continued) 760. 764. 770. 772. 774. 776. 780. 784. 788. Cleaning and Reshaping Ditches ................................. 1001 Pump Station and Drainage System Cleaning ............. 1001 Guard Fence Repair ..................................................... 1003 Post and Cable Fence................................................... 1006 Attenuator Repair......................................................... 1008 Metal Rail Repair......................................................... 1009 Epoxy Injection.............................................
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