80%(5)4 out of 5 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 9 pages.
1Person Centered Therapy Chapter 7Introduction:The person centered approach is based on concepts from humanistic psychology,many of which were articulated by Carl Rogers in 1940. Rogers has becomeknown as a “quiet revolutionary who both contributed to theory development andwhose influence continues to shape the counseling practice today. Rogers did notpresent the person-centered theory as a fixed and completed approach to therapy.He hoped others would view his theory as a set of tentative principles relating tohow the therapy process would develop. It is to be looked at as a model to buildtrust. This approach shares many concepts and values with the existentialperspective. Rogers presumptions are that people are generally trustworthy, theyhave a great potential of understanding themselves and resolving their problemswithout direct intervention on the therapist’s part, and they are capable of self-growth if they involved in a specific kind of therapeutic relationship.Four Periods of Development of the Approach:1stPeriod: (1940)Rogers developed what was known asnon-directive counseling,which provideda powerful and revolutionary alternative to the directive and interpretiveapproaches in therapy.Rogers’ theory emphasized the counselor’s creation of apermissive and non-directive climate. He challenged the assumption “the counselorknows best.”Rogers also challenged the validity of commonly acceptedtherapeutic procedures such as advise, suggestion, direction, persuasion, teaching,diagnosis, and interpretation.Based on his conviction that diagnostic concepts andprocedures were inadequate, prejudicial, and often misused, Rogers eliminatedthem from his approach.
22ndPeriod: (1951)Rogers wrote Client-Centered Therapy and then renamed his approach toclientcentered therapy,to reflect its emphasis on the client rather on nondirectivemethodsand in addition, he started the counseling center at the University ofChicago.Rogers assumed that the best vantage point in understanding how peoplebehave was from their own internal frame of reference.He focused more on theactualizing tendency as the basic motivational force that leads to client change.3rdPeriod: (1950-1970)He addressed the necessary and sufficient conditions of therapy.Rogers set ahypothesis that set forth a journey of research that lasted for 30 years.Headdressed the nature of“becoming the self that one truly is”. He described theprocess of“becoming one’s experience”, which is characterized by an opennessto experience, one’s trust in their experience, an internal locus evaluation, andthe willingness to be in the process.In the 1960’s Rogers and his associatescontinued to test the underlying hypothesis of the client –centered approach byconducting research on both the process and the outcomes of psychotherapy.Onthe basis of his research the approach was further refined and expanded. Theclient-centered philosophy was applied to education and was called studentcentered teaching.