Final essay 2

Final essay 2 - Dr Collins Honors Intro to Pol Science 13...

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-1Dr. Collins Honors Intro to Pol. Science 13 December 2007 Political Culture What is culture? To some, culture connotes a concept associated mainly with the wealthy and highly educated. Culture to them means a familiarity with fine art, an appreciation for the theater, an ample vocabulary, knowledge of the works of a wealth of authors, and an extensive travel history. However, this concept is better described as “high culture”. Culture itself is a concept that can apply to any group of people, regardless of how wealthy or civilized they may or may not be. Culture is a simple word that implies the way of life and the way of thinking of any group of people. In this sense, there is as much culture in the hills of Kentucky as in the symphony halls of Massachusetts. This definition of culture is very applicable when it is used in the phrase “political culture.” Political culture, very simply, is the way any group of people understands the political process, and the way their political actions and ways of thinking are affected by this understanding. Political culture and political ideology are two different concepts. Though sometimes in very contrasting situations, such as the difference between Americans and Iraqis, political culture and ideology may be difficult to differentiate, there can also be situations where two groups share a political culture but are opposite on ideology. An example of this is found in the abortion debate in modern America. While there are very distinct ideologies on both sides of the debate, besides a few extremists on both sides, they have similar methods to work towards their ideologies. While one side is
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fighting for the continued legality of abortion, and the other is fighting for its abolition, both employ tactics such as petitions and marches rather than guerilla skirmishes and bombings. This is because of the political culture they both come from, and demonstrates an instance of two distinct ideologies emerging in one political culture. Different views of sociality will contribute to different political cultures. In Aristotle’s view of sociality, a political culture very open to democracy will emerge. Aristotle sees a state as a natural occurrence because he sees that people will naturally come together and cooperate (Collins 3). The political culture in Aristotle’s mind will be a democracy of the best kind, where not only do citizens elect good leaders, but one where citizens are involved in politics. Aristotle’s community in The Politics would suggest not only a free society, but a civic society. His idea that people are good and have an innate tendency to work together would lead to a political culture of informed democracy. Hobbes’ darker view of humanity promotes a different type of political culture.
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Final essay 2 - Dr Collins Honors Intro to Pol Science 13...

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