B&S 23 - B&S Chapter 23 Nationalism 6:06:00 PM...

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B&S Chapter 23: Nationalism 25/09/2007 20:06:00 Introduction Nationalism is both an ideology and a social movement It can be seen as both a reaction against and a product of globalization. Nationalism is linked with globalization o Peoples began to demand secession, independence, and access to  the world market on their own terms. o At the same time, nationalism promoted unification and fusion of  countries. Nationalism, as a doctrine, calls for the establishment of separate states;  ironically, this doctrine has spread around the globe as part of an international  process of globalization. Nationalism is normative; it is concerned with values, expectations of how  someone should live, and to whom they owe obedience. o states have this authority on the grounds that they represent their  peoples. Nationalism as Ideology Nationalism can describe either a political doctrine (ideology) or social  movement. Gellner’s definition: “Nationalism is primarily a political principle, which holds  that the political and the national should be congruent” o
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