IR 210 Session 33

IR 210 Session 33 - IR Lecture Notes 11.12.07 Session...

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IR Lecture Notes 11.12.07 Session XXXIII ---Build a list of core assumptions for each tradition; extra credit! SM- Foundational realism Human Beings are self-interest oriented (T-M-H) System is Anarchic; no common power (T-H) Utopianism is wishful thinking; no heaven on earth (M-A) Learning Objectives: -Finish foundational voices -Modern voices- a word on “grotian moments” G. What holds people back from always being at war? 1. Prudence: simply put, the costs of war 2. Altruism: take pity on your victims 3. Moral Convictions: norms and values 4. Hobbes says that it is mostly prudence, not altruism or morality, that prevents war. H. Could alliances work to prevent war and encourage multilateral problem-solving? 1. Hobbes states that cooperation is not part of human nature 2. Multilateralism is not a source of power, it is a drain I. In order to deter war and arms proliferation, use “foresight”: prepare for war and
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bolster one’s capacity to defend.
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