B&S Chapter 32

B&S Chapter 32 - B&S Chapter 32 The Transformation of...

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01/10/2007 21:27:00 Introduction: What is a political community? Communities in general can be neighborhood groups, political associations  such as sovereign states, TSMOs, NGOs, etc. What makes a “community” a political community is the desire for self-rule. As the world experiences globalization, a critical question is whether political  communities will become more cosmopolitan. Nationalism and Political Community Introduction o The nation-state has been the dominant form of political community  since the French Revolution. o Prior to the French Revolution there existed territorial states, as in  Europe, governed by absolutist monarchs engaged in a struggle for  economic and political power. Territorial states o Pre-modern states had a limited ability to direct the lives of their  subjects, whereas modern territorial states have the capacity to  regulate most aspects of society. This is due to increased “intensive” (strength) power and  “extensive” (width of reach) power. From territorial states to nation-states o The world is not naturally divided into nations; states create national  cultures. o Modern states emerged in the context (and were largely instruments  for) war. warring states promoted national solidarity to ensure that  citizens would prove loyal in times of war. o Turning point in history was the French Revolution, after which  nationalism has been the ideology with the greatest influence on the  evolution of political communities. o The creation of the nation-state has played a central role in unifying the  human race. Community and Citizenship Introduction o People began to resist the state’s increasing power of its peoples’  lives, and so they organized politically to win citizenship rights.
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o These demands along with the spread of the language of universal 
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course IR 210 taught by Professor Lynch during the Fall '06 term at USC.

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B&S Chapter 32 - B&S Chapter 32 The Transformation of...

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