Notes 3 - Notes 3 Federalists defended strong government...

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Notes 3 Federalists defended strong government Devolution revolution – movement beginning with the 1994 congressional elections to transfer functions and responsibilities from the national government to the states Education mostly controlled by states Dual federalism – views Constitution as giving limited list of powers to national government, rest to states. Each level dominant in own sphere. Supreme court decides which gets power Cooperative federalism – a system of intergovernmental relations Marble cake federalism – all levels of government involved in a variety of issues and programs Competitive federalism – thousands of units competing with each other over ways to put together packages of services and taxes. People choose which state, or unit, they want Permissive federalism – state’s power depends on national New federalism – many of the fiscal resources and responsibilities of federal government should be returned to states in form of grants Federalism – a form of government in which a constitution distributes powers between a central government and subdivisional governments Constitution divides governmental powers between the national government and the subdivisional governments o Both governments derive not from each other but from a common source Unitary systems – a constitution vests all governmental power in the central government Confederations – sovereign nations by a constitutional compact create a central government buy carefully limit the power of the central government Federalism is a system in between unitary and confederation Federalism checks growth of tyranny (think Fed. 10) Federalism allows unity without uniformity Federalism encourages experimentation o States can be testing grounds for legislation Federalism keeps government closer to the people Formal constitutional framework of federal system: o National government has only those powers delegated to it by the constitution (within exception of foreign issues) o Within scope of its operations, national government is supreme o State governments have powers not delegated to the central government, except those denied to them by constitution and their state constitutions o Some powers are specifically denied to both the national and state governments; other are specifically denied only to the states; still others are denied to the national government, but not the states Express powers – those specifically given by constitution
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Notes 3 - Notes 3 Federalists defended strong government...

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