1.8.07 - Learning and Motivation A Behavioral Approach a...

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Learning and Motivation (1/8/07) A. Behavioral Approach a. Evolved out of Scientific Method Wanted psych as a science b. Study of human and animal behavior in scientific way c. Public Observation i. Everyone can verify ii. Focuses on overt behavior iii. Can’t measure or see thoughts and emotions iv. Can measure blood pressure, brain waves, etc. but need machines d. Measurement - How often or strongly does it occur and does it change? e. Replication - To see if the behavior is consistent f. Verification - Others replicate to verify results and outcomes g. Communication - Share results and info with others h. Focus on external (environmental) events - How environment caused behavior or controls it i. Focuses on small behavioral units - Break it down into smallest aspects i. Ex: eating=too broad 1. Time took to consume 2. Calorie intake 3. How much energy needed B. Historical Background a. Aristotle i. About 350 BC ii. Labeled as associationist iii. 3 Principles of Association 1. Continuity Principle
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course PSY 0405 taught by Professor Kristinaswanenburg during the Spring '08 term at Pittsburgh.

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1.8.07 - Learning and Motivation A Behavioral Approach a...

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