1.22.07 - Learning and Motivation Chapter 1 A Mechanism of...

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Learning and Motivation (1/22/07) Chapter 1 A. Mechanism of Behavioral Change a. Maturation (non-associative) i The physical changes facilitate the learning of new skills ii No learning produces changes iii Involves reflexive responses Stimuli that elicit (brings forth) a very specific response The information that causes the reflexes doesn’t even reach brain sometimes o Not learning anything about that stimuli Infant reflexes o Head turning -rub cheek, they turn toward; disappears after a month or so after they can control neck muscles; purpose for feeding o Grasping reflex -put finger in hand and will hang; lasts 3-4 months o Babbling reflex -develops then disappears; kicks in at 6 months; believed early on as early language development but isn’t; def and hearing infants start and stop babbling at the same time, hearing ones continue on to speak def ones stop Appearing reflexes o Knee kick reflex -tapping the nerve in knee Animals o Modal action patterns Require specific stimulus, “sign” or “releasing” stimulus Occur in a specific, predictable way Ex: Herring Ball chicks peck red spot on bottom of parents’ beak to signal for feeding; chicks will peck at anything red and parents will feed anything that pecks it Konrad Lorenz Ducks o They hatched and saw him first and followed him everywhere o Taught them to swim and fly Imprinting o
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