4.16.07 - Learning and Motivation (4/16/2007) Punishment...

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Learning and Motivation (4/16/2007) Punishment Review 2-4 Sunday 105 DL Lab scores up Tuesday PUNISHMENT Used as a way of trying to change behavior for many years but wasn’t studied until the 1960s Criticized that it doesn’t work TYPES OF PUNISHMENT Positive Punishment Is not good punishment Positive contingency between behavior and consequence Behavior/Aversive Consequence or ---/--- Anything that the subject finds aversive Key is seeing behavior decrees and stop No decrees, not punishment If it doesn’t work after a few tries, give up and move to something else Negative Punishment Omission training ” – technical term (how it will appear on the test) Negative contingency between behavior and consequence Behavior/--- or ---/stimulus consequence Do the behavior and stimuli is taken away Do nothing and the stimuli stays Stimuli must be appetitive Ex: parents grounding you Key again, something that is important to the subject Two types Response cost Stimulus is permanently taken away Ex: companies will take money out of pay check for being late, no way of getting it back Time-out Temporary loss Either take away stimulus or take the person away from the environment
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4.16.07 - Learning and Motivation (4/16/2007) Punishment...

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