Conformist1.rational,2.worldly3.related to society4.conformists5.human-centered-Series of analects – The wind and the grass.. Moral leaders form a good population. -Social structure – emphasis on social order, hierarchy.o1. scholars – literatio2. farmers – grow crops, can’t live w/out food. Primary producersoArtisans/craftsmen – secondary producersoMerchants – -Confusion basis in chain for examination system. Government where people get jobs on basis of merit, talent. -Examination system created meritocracy. Knowledge of the confusion classics.Taoism1.Mystical2.transcendental3.individual-oriented4.nonconformist5.nature centered.-tao – A road, a path, a way. The very antithesis of Confucianism. -Nature is all there is, debunk reformism and do-goodism. Seeking psychological freedom, naturally/spontaneously. -Concept of Wu-wei, meaning non-striving. -Main text, - Tao TE Ching. Passages impenetrable, “the Tao which is not Tao is Tao. -Some clear passages – “those who talk, don’t understand, those that understand, don’t talk.”Legalism – Anti-Confucianism. Believe that people are basically evil, given the opp. Will take advantage of people and be nasty.-to be kept in check – strict laws and harsh punishments. -No moral code to the universe-Oldest text – The book of lord Shang, 338b.c•Qin Dynasty, Short lived dynasty, - Very strict laws. It collapsed. Introduction to Buddhism – a.Historical founder was Buddha – Sidhartha Gautama. 563 – 483 B.C (sakyamuni)b.Was a prince in Nepal, At birth a prophecy said Siddhartha would become a great conqueror or a denouncer of the world.
c.Was lavished with earthly delights till age of 29, escaped palace at 29, was confronted with pains of life . i.Illness,ii.Old age,iii.Death.d.decided he would dedicate his live to find a cure for human sufferinge.became ascetic – attempting to achieve a higher form of self purity through self denial. f.Asceticism did not work, one day while meditation he discovered the meaning of life. – The middle way. The four noble truths. i.Life is suffering. – to live is to suffer.ii.Suffering is caused by attachment or desire. – we feel bad if we lose something special, or want something so bad but cannot have it.iii.To end suffering, you have to end the attachment to whatever that may cause suffering. iv.Attachments can be ended by following the 8fold path. 1.Right view – understand 4 noble truths2.Right thought – free form ill will, cruelty, untruthfulness and lust3.Right speech – don’t lie, slander, etc.4.Right action – actions which are right, not killing, sexual misconduct, behave right5.Right livelihood – certain jobs are appropriate, other jobs are inappropriate. Not harm causing6.Right effort – be compassionate, overcome evil thoughts, patient, giving, friendly.