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All MC Examinations/MidtermsCourse ID: cirelli43643What is Developmental Psychology:oDescribe – Look at the typical infant and look at how behavior changes over the life span. What are the milestones that we go through. Transition from infant to adolescent to early adult. Interested in the typical pathways and changes that one goes through. Not everyone goes through the same change. The differences in the growth between people are of interest to developmental psychologists.oExplain- Why do they age? Why what happens?oOptimize Development– How to communicate to others to provide the best environment for their children? Toy manufacturers use science to justify that certain things will help your child act in a certain way.Continuity and Discontinuity:oIdea that if I have a happy baby, they will become a happy teenager and then adult.oHappy child may or not become a happier child – a grumpy child. There isa discontinuity between how they were as a baby and how they are an adult. Things might change to create discontinuity. How you are in the past influences how you are in the future in some way or another.Nature and Nurture:oDetermine how much intelligence is due to nature or nurture. Nature is based on genes and what is inherited. Nurture is based on the environment. oAn interplay that cannot be teased apart. They are working together.oEpigenetics– Environment changes which genes are expressed.Active Children:oResulting adult is the product of what the parent provided for them and they have no role in their development. The child’s behavior will be shaped by his or her own interests. For example: A child loves to read andthe mother always reads to them because of their interest. An outgoing child will be likely to be signed up for activities to foster their environment.oThey are continuing to leach themselves based on their own behavior andinterests.Connections Across Domains:oA child who is a good student at school may be social. oPerceptual and cognitive development. Change in the perceptional world as one interacts with the world in new ways. They are manipulating themin a different way. As their perception of the world changes, their cognitive perceptions changes as well.Research Methods in Developmental Psychology:oIs Moving to music was a social activity to infants?
oExpected that moving to music with another person is another social activityoThere is no synchrony between social behavior and music.oDo the results support hypothesis or not?oFOCUS ON: Collect data to test hypothesisReliability and Validity:oReliability: Is this measure consistent? Ex: IQ test and an IQ test tomorrow.. Will I get the same outcome? Can I measure the consistency?