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Church_RC - A TRADITIONAL ROMAN CATHOLIC THEOLOGY OF THE...

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A TRADITIONAL ROMAN CATHOLIC THEOLOGY OF THE CHURCH: I. The Church In OT Prophecy: A. The Messiah as Priest, Prophet, King establishes ecclesiastical authority as emanating from Jesus Christ. B. The New Covenant prophesied by Jeremiah (31:31, 34), and Zachariah 8:3 C. The coming Kingdom of God will process a peculiar kind of authority, through the rule of the Messiah (PS. 2; 71; Is. 9:6f). This is often expressed as through the metaphor of the Shepherd guiding and governing His flock (Ezek. 34:23; 37:24-28). II. The Church. s Constitution by Jesus Christ: A. . The time is accomplished, and the Kingdom of God is at hand. (Lk. 16:16; Mk. 1:14; Mat. 4:23; 9:35 etc. B. . When it is asked what is this kingdom of which Christ spoke, there can be but one answer. It is His Church, the society of those who accept His Divine legation, and admit His right to the obedience of faith which He claimed. His whole activity is directed to the establishment of such a society; He organizes it and appoints rulers over it, establishes rites and ceremonies in it, transfers to it the name which had hitherto designated the Jewish Church ..... . The people of God, the faithful .... C. . The several steps taken by Christ in organizing the Church are traced by the Evangelists. He is represented as gathering numerous disciples, but as selecting twelve from their number to be His companions in a especial manner. These share His life. To them he reveals the hidden parts of His doctrine (Mat. 13:11). He sends them as His deputies to preach the kingdom, and bestows on them the power to work miracles. All are bound to accept their message; and those who refuse to listen to them shall meet a fate more terrible than that of Sodom and Gomarra (Mat. 10:1-15).. D. . The sacred writers speak of these twelve chosen disciples in a manner indicating that they are regarded as forming a corporate body. In several passages they are still termed . the twelve. even when the number, understood literally, would be
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