TUESDAY World Merchants Forms of power? Big problematic person !the king, Tudors gained more power in England. Also France was getting more centralized. The Magi Chapel (1461) Medici’s at the head. The most powerful family in Florence. Growing power of this family but you also need to be careful with your power.UNDERSTANDING ITALY Why city states Venice, genoa, florence CITY STATES •Urban centered •Control Hinterland •1300:100 City States •1454: 12 City StatesThe big city states took over other cities. RULINT CITIES Ru •Republics: Venice, Genoa, Siena, Florence •Dukedoms: Ferrara-Modena, Manuta •Papal States •Foreign Control: Naples. Some cities are control for other people. Like this one control by Spain. WHY DIFFERENT? •Place of Conflict (HRE !Holy Roman Empire & Pope). They often se alian con otros. •Terrain. Like genoa, some cities can’t expand that much. •Power From Trade Not Land. MERCHANTS TO THE WORLD •Ideal Trading Location. Easy access to the market on the East. •Manufacturers: cloth. Mostly in Florence. •Become Middlemen. If you’re a trading family that’s what you do. •Money-Men: Bankers ot world. Start lending people. CHALLENGES •Foreign threats •Internal factions. Each city fighting for power, different families that wanted power. Trying to streghen your family ties. •Constant warfare
•Seeing City States •Nuremberg Chronicle (1493). Earliest printed books. Tells the history of the world, what the most powerful places, history and what they did. -Early printed book -History of the world -Woodcust cities GENOA !city walls, trading port, handed by mountains. Florence !bigger, flatter, by a river, more river boats, duomo. VENICE !more water, in the mediterrain. Built on really low mountains. They don’t have any walls, because is on the water. Basilica St. Martin. VENICE •More well known city state. •Location Defines, acts like an gateway from east to west. •Lagoon Empire, they’re power is much bigger than the city itself. -Cyprus, Crete, Corfy, Damatian Coast (it has power over them) •Crossroads East and west •Take over from byzantinium Venetian Wealth Spice trade Dominates Adriatic Eastern goods to western Europe Re-export center Manufacturing center: ships, glass and mirrors. Cultural center, a northen European gondolean. EAST MEETS WEST •Mix of styles •St. Mark’s Basilica. Golden mosaics, not western kind of feel to it. The venetian took it from constatinopla who took it from Greece. So as a sign of power •Doge’s Palace •Grand Palace. Venice !THE REPUBLIC Controlled by a number of ruling family. Video !Venice, Italy: the doge’s palace. Oligarchy: the golden book. Families who have power in Venice. Great Council. Senate Doge !Veneci’s duke. He’s the head of Venice. He is above the frame they can’t inheritance, above the frame of patronage. Video !Francesco’s Venice – electing the doge.
GENOA •Big trading Rival of Venice •It thinks of power and trade differently. For them they didn’t need land holding.