Formation of the New Testament

Formation of the New Testament - Formation of the New...

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Formation of the New Testament Dr. John Tyson I. The NT as a rebirth of Prophecy: The OT canon was not closed until late first century A.D. but among pious Jews it was generally believed that genuine prophecy had ceased with Ezra. [cf. IMacc. 4:66; 9:27; 14:41, etc.] Prophecy in the OT sense was essentially connected with the delivering of revelation (messenger mode). Moses was esteemed the greatest prophet, and the Law (Torah) the greatest teaching. (Note: it was thought of as being essentially proclamatory, NOT predictive. In his deeds and his teaching, Jesus demonstrated that a new age of prophecy (or revelation) had begun; it was precisely for this reason that many pious people (who did not recognize Jesus as the messiah) were convinced he was a new prophet or the return of one of the great OT prophets (cf. Mat. 16:13-18). Jesus presented and understood himself as One how stood in continuity with the message (and not just the messenger). Jesus too was conscious that he had been granted a prophetic/revelatory commission (Lk. 4:18ff, and Mk. 2:10). Jesus struck some obvious parallels to Moses (Mt. 5-7), and yet also clearly demonstrated superiority to Mosaic teaching. The early church, as evidenced by the sermons of Acts, understood itself as an
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course REL THEL 352 taught by Professor Tyson during the Spring '08 term at Houghton College.

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Formation of the New Testament - Formation of the New...

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