JONPRAY - WPC#### ##########tA######,DZ3x#~.2x!F7] J#;1}}/...

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Unformatted text preview: WPC#### ##########tA######,DZ3x#~.2x!F7] J#;1}}/ (1I\:a?##51B#TC # #z# |#@-v##! R##^3V5#%VtL= ?``nF#Y)+vyt=m*PxX#^@V#]#}fz2Y *5##!A? g_/#3:#H#ykIT[& #`q##Za%-| %#kPa1Ntx#3## #mmmmC Q6D,ag_KvsH x#M#$5=#Ik lk(0l#DT}Sbf22~#! U#$#[|s)M13{gpzMqHi#r#3-V e#i13{#!#5##R#RC%1#dJ#{## #########################U####N###### %#############0####(######### ######=####0 ###e########w####@###h####4##################################### m#########################N#a#b# #4#t#h# #F#l#o#o#r# #p#r#i#n#t#e#r#################################HPPCL5MS######,#,#,#,#,##,#0#### ################################################################################### ######################################################################7Y&Ix###9 #### ###Z#####6#T#i#m#e#s# #N#e#w# #R#o#m#a#n# #R#e#g#u#l#a#r#############X#######(#######################$#######1#,# #2#,# #3#,###########################L#e#v#e#l# #1###################L#e#v#e#l# #2###################L#e#v#e#l# #3###################L#e#v#e#l# #4###################L#e#v#e#l# #5#####################4#####################'2#Q#u#i#c#k# #1#)################# #### #)0 #### ############ #######E###########D# ##### #########E# ####################[#P&####k# #1#)#pMM##3| #x#########################U##### ##### #########! #############################7######z###X####X###### ##d##################d#7###@############ ###########\#####X###X#######T##h####H## ##e####E##D##o####O####c#### C####t####T####r####R####i# ###I####n####N####e####E## ##o####O####f####F##P##r#### R####a####A####y####Y####e## ##E####r####R####o######O# #####I####n####N##J##o####O# ###h####H####n####N######s# ###S##G##o####O####s####S## ##p####P####e####E####l#### L####a####A####n####N####d# ###D##L##i####I####t####T## ##e####E####r####R####a#### A####t####T####u####U####r# ###R####e####E##:###### ######## ############X#z##X#######\#######Fourbasiccomponents :0 ###### #(1)Wordsbywhichprayerisdescribed ##################(###(## ### ###### ## ####` ## ##### ## ###### # (2)Referencesbywhichprayerisdescribed###### ####### ### ###### ## ####` ## ##### ## ###### #(3)Indicationsaboutthenatureofprayer# ###### ## ####` ## ##### ## ###### #(4)theassurancesthatprayerwouldbeanswered ###### ##t #### ##########'###################'*################1# #### #)0 ###### ##########Itisnoteworthy,attheoutset,thatJohndoesnotusedeit herofthemoretechnicalN.T.###### ##L##### ##wordsreferringto #prayer,##(#deisthai#)##or##(#proseuchiesthai# )##;####.##Insteadheusestwosimpler###### ##8 #### ##words,bothofwhichmeanquitebasically #toask.###aitein## #makearequest,##and#er#t#n###### ##$t# ## ### #toinquireorinterrogate;intheN.T.thelattertermseemstohavemo rethemeaningof###### ####` ## ## #beseech.###Er#t#n#intheLXXtranslates##theHebrew #####(####s#### #########S##a##al#######)# ###:## #makearequest.##########'*###E############################### ######L ######(###(## ## ########0 ###### #ThequestionastowhetherJohnmakesadistinctionbetweenthesetwot ermsisoneofmuchscholarlydebate.Itis,Ithink,worthnotingthat the#er#t#n#isregularlyappliedto###### ####### ##theprayersofJesuswhereas#aitein#isusedtodescribethepr ayersofHisdisciples.Thus###### ###### ##14:16uses#er#t#n#: #IwillpraytotheFather...##cf.17:9,20.Whereas#aitein #isusedin###### ####### ##14:13 #Andwhateveryouaskinmyname,thatwillIdo...##14:13,16:23 ,etc.##########(###(## ##0 ###### #ThispeculiarityofJohn##suseoftheterms##,###### ##mustbetakentoindicatesomesortofanattempttomakeadistinct ionbetweenJesus##prayersandthoseofhisdisciplesbased,wethink, onthedifferentsortofrelationshiptheyeachhavewithGod.#### ######(###(## ##0 ###### #Treach(#N.T.Synonyms#)suggeststhat#atiew#isamores ubmissiveorpassiveterm"#the###### ## #\#### ##appropriatetermforoneoflowerstatuswhenseekingsomethingfromso meoneofsuperiorstatus;whereas,#epwtaw#means #toinquire##andhasmoretheconnotationof###### ###4#### ##equalfootingbetweenthoseinvolved.Kittel#########(# ##################TDNT################I ###.p.######,###191,makesasimilardistinction,###### ### #### ##suggestingthatwordsofthe#erotao#familyindicatecloserrelat ionshipbetweentheasker###### ### #### ##andtheonepetitioned.Andwhilethisdoesnotseemtoholdtruein thegenerallanguageofJesusandthedisciplesinJohn##sgospel(e.g .therearesomeexceptions),thisdoesseemtobeacompletelyvaliddis tinctionwithinthenarrowercorpusofJesusandthedisciples##prayers .##########(###(## ##0 ###### #Itisalsosuggestedthatthedistinctionbetweenwordsofthe#aiteo #and#erotao#families###### ##D##!## ##refertothesortofthingsought:#aiteo#ingeneralissaidto refertosomethingwhichone###### ##0$#"## ##desiresto#receive#;whereas#erotao#refersmoretosometh ingthatthepetitionerwants###### ###%l ### ###done#,itrarelyreferstoanobject#perse#.##########& X!$#####(###(## ##0 ###### #Thus,thetermsusedandthedistinctionsbetweenthemindicatethatthe prayersofJesuswereinsomesensedifferentfromthoseofhisdisciple s.Jesus,becauseofhisperfectfellowshipandtrustandhisknowledge oftheFatherandtheFather##swill,prayedmorewithreferencetothe Father##sperson,committinghimselftotheFather##swillandactio ns;ascontrastedtohisdiscipleswhoaskedthatspecificthingsbegiven them.Forthissomewouldarguethattheprayersofothermenaremore inthenatureofpetitionsforthings,###### ##|,'+## ##whereastheprayersofJesusaremoreofthenatureofselfcommitment ,resignation,andparticipationintheWilloftheFather.#### ######(###(## ##0 ###### #ThedistinctionintheapplicationofthesetwotermsinJohn##sgosp elissimplytooobvioustobeaccidental,howevermuchweareinclinedt oattempttoderivefromit.Perhapsitisbestsaidthat#erotao# suggeststhatrelationshipofdeeptrustfromwhich#aibeo#petition s###### ##L #### ##aremade.##########(###(## ##########'###################'U################2# #### #)0 ###### ##########Themainsectionsfortheteachingaboutprayerinthefourt hgospelarefoundinchapters###### ### `#### ##14,16,and17.########'U###p########################### ##########(###(## ## ########0 ###### #ThusJesusdescribesthesendingoftheHolySpiritasfollowinguponh isprayingtheFathertosendhim(14:16).Healsospeaksofatimewhe nJesuswilltellthemplainlyoftheFatherandadds: #Inthatdayyoushallaskinmyname;andIdonotsaytothatIsha llpraytheFatherforyou;fortheFatherhimselflovesyou,becauseyou havelovedmeandhavebelievedthatIcamefromtheFather.##(16:26, 27).JesuswillprayandtheComforterwillbesenttothedisciples, andtheComforterwillcontinueChrist##sworkandinterprethistruth tothem.TheComforterwillcomeinChrist##sname(14:26);thatis, thesphereandtheaimofChrist##sworkistakenupandcontinuedby theHolySpirit.TheSpiritwhorepresentsandinterpretsChristtothe mwillalso,sotospeak,initiatethemintoprayingthroughChrist.The ywillbothaskandreceivefromGodinhisname(14:13;16:23).Through thepossessionoftheSpirit,hesays,thebelievermaycomedirectlyto Godinprayer,becausetheycomeinthenameofChrist.##########(###(## ##0 ###### #OfparticularinterestistheintercessoryprayerofJesusforhisdisci plesinJohnchapter17.Inthatprayerhepraysexplicitlyforthosewh ohavebelieved(17:9),andforthemwhoshallbelievethroughthewordo fthosewhoarealreadydisciples(17:20).Hedesires###,###not thattheyshouldbetakenoutoftheevilworldbydeath,ashehimself issoontobe,butthattheymightbekeptbytheFatherfromthepower oftheevilonewhoistheprinceoftheworld.##########(###(## ##0 ###### #Inthequalityoftheirlivesthedisciplesarenotakintotheevilw orld,justasJesusisnot;theyshareinJesus##ownlifeandspirit. Jesusasksthattheymaybesetapartandkeptinthepowerandthepo ssessionofthetruthHehasgiventhem.Theyarenotoftheworldand theworldisnotthesourceorfoundationoftheirexistence;ratherthe yarebasedinthetruthwhichisJesusandwhichhebrings"#thisis thesameassayingthattheyarefoundedinGod##sword,whichistr uth.(17:17).##########(###(## ##0 ###### #ThenJesusadds: #Asthoudidstsendmeintotheworld,soIhavesentthemintothe world.##(17:18).ThesamelivingtruthJesushasgiventhem,theyare togiveothers.Consecrationofthetruthinlifeandtheexpressionof itthroughpersonalexampleandwitness"#thisisthefirstgreatdesi reofJesusforhisdisciplesintheintercessoryprayer.##########(###(## ##0 ###### #Jesusthenpraysfortheunityofallbelievers: #thattheymayallbeone,evenasthou,###### ##T,'+## ##Father,artinme,andIinthee,thattheyalsomaybeinus,soth attheworldmaybelievethatthouhassentme.##(17:21).Harmonyand unityamongthebelieversaretoobeatestimonytothepowerthatwas inJesus;fromthecharacterofChristianstheworldistoknowthatJesu swas/istheChristofGod.Thisunityandonenessisbasedintheknow ledgeandrelationshipwithJesus,andinthelovewhichhebroughtinth eirmidst.(17:26)##########(###(## ### ###### #8 ####` # #Ihavemadeknowntothemthyname,andIwillmakeitknown,thatth elovewithwhichthouhaslovememaybeinthem,andIinthem.## ########` ` # ##0 ###### #OfparticularinterestinthisprayerisJesus##specificconcernfor believers: #Ipraynotfortheworld,butforthosewhomthouhastgivenme##(1 7:9);yetatotheroccasionswedoseehimprayingveryearnestlyforthe conversionoftheworld(1:29;3:16;4:42;12:47)"#thisisnotin contradictionwiththeintercessoryprayerinJohn17"#theworldisto bebroughttoChristbypreciselythislittleflock.###P###### (p###rayer# #i# #s# #directly# #relatedtomissionofredemption###)#### #.# ###########(###(## ##########'###################''###############3# #### #)0 ###### ##########Nextwemustexaminetheprayersofthedisciples.Whatdoe sitmeantoprayinJesus######## ##p##### ##name? Theideaemergestwicein16:24,26.ThegiftoftheSpiritisassur edofprayerinhisname,andhithertotheyhadaskednothinginhisname .Prayer,##inhisname##involvessomehigherelement,andthisele mentistheresultofthegiftandilluminationoftheHolySpirit.It isapartofthefullerblessingwhichtheSpiritistobring,andwhich makesitexpedientthatJesusshouldgoawayinorderthattheSpiritma ycometoapplyandperpetuatehiswork(16:7).Thisseemsdirectlylink edtotheideathattheworkoftheSpiritistobearwitnessofJesus, andwillbringtomindhistruth(15:26;16:13,14).########''###(## ##################################(###(## ## ########0 ###### #Likewise,additionallightisthrownuponthesubjectbynotingthatJes usdescribeshismissionalsoinreferencetothename;theFathergavei ttoJesustomakehis #name##knowntotheworld(17:11;17:26,7).##########(###(## ##0 ###### #InHebraic##thought,##the #name##ofGodisawayofindicatingGod##snature(thiswasalso trueofpeopleandthings).FortheFathertogivetotheSonhisname tomanifestamongmenamountstothecommissioningoftheSontoreveal theDivinenature"#whoheis,whathethinksandfeels"#allthis moreadequatelythanithaseverbeendisclosed.Christmakesthisrevela tionofGodinhisownperson,revealingtomankindthegrace,loveandf atherlinessofGod.##########)###)## #####4(###0 ###### #Whatthenisthethrustofthesayings #Ifyoushallask#######anything#######inmyname,Iwi lldoit###### ##%0!$## ##(14:14) #thatwhatsoeveryeshallaskoftheFatherinmyname,hemaygiveit you##(14:16)? Itseemsappropriatetoplacebesidetheseassurances,inwhichdifferen ttermsareused: #Ifyouabideinmeandmywordsabideinyou,askwhatsoeveryouwill anditshallbedoneuntoyou##(15:7).##########(###(## ##0 ###### #ToaskinChrist##snameseemstobepracticallyequivalenttoasking whileabidinginhim,andwhilehiswordsareabidinginthepetitioner. Thatistosay,itistoaskinChrist##s###### ##T,'+## ##Spirit,andinaccordwithhiswillandrelationshipwiththebeliever. Inthissameregard,thattheSpirithimselfleadsthebelieversintot hisknowledgeofChristandhiswork,andalsoenablesthemtoprayinCh rist##sname(14:26).##########(###(## ##0 ###### #Itbecomesimmediatelyapparentthatwearedealingwithaverycomprehe nsivethemeinJohn##stheology:theSpiritsentprayerisofferedand theanswerisgiveninChrist##sname.##########(###(## ##0 ###### #LikewiseitisoftensuggestedthattheworkandpersonofChristares ummedupin #thename:anditisanamewhich #theFatherdothnotrefuse:## #hecannotrefusehisson...############(###(## ##0 ###### #This,itstrikesme,isthefoundationofthematter.Thenamesetst hecontextoftheprayerintheintercessoryandvictoriousworkofChrist .ForthebelievertoprayinChrist##snameistoprayoutofthe depthsoftherelationshipwhichbelievershavewithChristandtoprayou toftheknowledgetheyhaveofhimandhiswillasgivenbytheHolyS pirit.##########(###(## ##0 ###### #Whatoftheratherunqualifiedsortofassurancewearegivenofprayer sinChrist##sname? WemustsayononehandthatthisISatremendousassurance,obviously becauseitisbasedintheworkandpowerofChrist.Ontheotherhan ditmustbesaidthattheassuranceisnotquiteasunqualifiedasits eems.##########(###(## ##0 ###### #Tothe #Ifyouaskmeanythinginmyname,thatwillIdo,##(14:13),etc.m ustbeadded16:23b #Truly,trulyIsaytoyou,ifyouaskanythingoftheFather,hewill giveittoyouinmyname.##Prayerisansweredasitisoffered,in Christ##sname.ItimpliesthatifwearetoaskinJesus##name "#inthespiritofsubmissionandtrustandinaccordancewiththeaims ofChrist##sworkforus"#ourprayerwillbeansweredinthatsame way.##########(###(## ##0 ###### #Thisclearlyworkstoexcludetheideathathumandesiresandperception sofneed,right,andwrong,somehowreordertheDivinenatureorwill, e.g.selfishprayersoughtnottobeanswered,butsometimesare;norshou ldbeexpectGodtograntthedeathofanenemybecauseweattachthe epiteth #inJesus##name##toourblasphemy.##########(###(## ##0 ###### #Onceagainrelatedtothisdiscussionisthematterof #abiding##(15:7). #Ifyouabideinme,andmywordsabideinyou,askwhateveryouwill, anditshallbedoneforyou##= #asking##andreceiving #inhisname.## ...
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