Matthew.sum - SUMMARY NOTES GOSPEL ACCORDING TO MATTHEW: I....

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SUMMARY NOTES GOSPEL ACCORDING TO MATTHEW: I. Authorship : The traditional view of authorship, according to the church father, Papias, is that Matthew, the tax collector (also called Levi) who was one of the twelve wrote this gospel in the Hebrew language (Aramaic?). Cf. Mt. 9:9-13; 10:3. II. Literary Characteristics of the gospel: A. Conciseness : Mt tends to use fewer words in his descriptions than the other synoptic writers and therefore is able to cover more territory. Cf. Mt. 14:3-12 ( Aland, p. 134 ). B. Hebraic forms of expression : in many instances Mt carries echoes of Aramaic or Hebraic forms of expression or cliches. For example, Jesus use of the phrase Kingdom of Heaven is unique to Matthew s gospel. In some instances Jewish customs and terminology are included in his account without explanation (cf. Mt. 15:2; 23:27; Aland, p. 141.) C. Didactic style : Mt is very concerned to give the reader large portions of Jesus teach- ing through his gospel. 3/5 of the entire gospel are sermons, sayings and discourses from Jesus. Mt. likes to organize his material in ways that facilitate learning, for example, he groups like accounts with like material. Mt. 5-7 are sayings, Mt. 8-9 are miracles, Mt. 13 are all parables of
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Matthew.sum - SUMMARY NOTES GOSPEL ACCORDING TO MATTHEW: I....

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