AVF Final review sheet

AVF Final review sheet - Diegetic Sound Any voice musical...

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Diegetic Sound Any voice, musical passage, or sound effect presented as originating from a source within the film’s world. ADR Often half or more of the dialogue is rerecorded in post production, using a process known as automated dialogue replacement (ADR). ADR usually yields better quality than location sound does, with the on-set recording serving as a guide track, the sound editor records actors in the studio speaking their lines (called dubbing or looping). Nonsynchronized dialogue such as the babble of a crowd (known in Hollywood as “walla”) is added by ADR as well. A process where you bring actors into studio to record lines so that you can throw out the dialogue and put in new one. Ambience The background sounds of the represented space. In general, ambient sounds are non-sync because the source is in the background. Motivation The justification given in the film for the presence of an element. This may be an appeal to the viewer’s knowledge of the real world, to genre conventions, to narrative causality, or to a stylistic pattern within the film. 2 different kinds: 1) a film can motivate its elements by appealing to our beliefs about the real world. 2) Alternatively, a film can motivate its elements by appealing to our expectations about types of films. Motif An element in a film that is repeated in a significant way. Most motifs are dynamic changing over the course of the film. Parallelism A process whereby the film cues the spectator to notice a complex pattern of similarities. Vertical Integration Vertical integration refers to the case when two firms, one of which supplies a product to the other, merge into a single firm. By definition, these two firms were not previously competitors. (Notes This means that they controlled the production, distribution, and exhibition.) Paramount Decision 1948: the supreme court ruled against the vertical integration of this studios. The studios were forced to sell their theaters, and to modify their trading practices. By the mid-1950’s the studios had sold all of their theaters, and the classic studio period came to an end. Medium-Specificity Medium specificity is a principle in aesthetics and art criticism that developed during the period in art history called Modernism. According to Clement Greenberg, who helped popularize the term, medium specificity holds that "the unique and proper area of competence" for a form of art corresponds with the ability of an artist to manipulate those features that are "unique to the nature" of a particular medium [1] . This translates into the utilization of techniques to manipulate materials to produce objects that the media in question particularly lends itself to. This utilization may coincide with the
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reason those materials and techniques originally came into use, or may involve some innovation. Today, the term is used both to describe artistic practices and as a way to analyze artwork. Kinetoscope
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AVF Final review sheet - Diegetic Sound Any voice musical...

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