Class Notes

Class Notes - International Relations Dr Chad E Raymond...

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International Relations Dr. Chad E. Raymond Class notes Tyler Dornenburg Class Notes 9/17/07 Constructionist Theory (Continued…) - State Behavior elite beliefs, identities, social norms - Identities: Change Frequently - Political Structure: Explains nothing about political behavior - Alexander Wendt o “Structure does not predict whether two states will be friends or foes or will recognize each others sovereignty” - Power: Analyzed in terms of language, culture, and ideas - Variables of the theory: very loosely defined o How do you define or categorize an idea? Levels of Analysis - Individual o Role of individuals in IR theories o 2 Questions When are the actions of individuals likely to affect the course of events? What are the personal characteristics and situations that cause individuals to behave differently? o Decision Making Model of Rational Thinking Possesses all relevant information Sets a Goal Examines different possible methods of achieving the goal Chooses method with highest likelihood of success with least possible cost Why do individuals reach the decisions that they do? Information processing 1.) Cognitive consistency a. Planes at pearl harbor – unmarked so it was assumed they were American. 2.) Evoked Set a. Tendency for individuals to actively seek out information similar to information already obtained. 3.) Mirror Image a. The tendency to see in your opponent the characteristics that are the
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opposite of what you see in yourself. 4.) Satisficing 5.) Group Think a. Don’t want to make another member of the group angry by not agreeing. When do leaders have the greatest effect on foreign policy? - When political institutions are unstable, in crisis, collapsed - When political institutions don’t constrain leaders’ behavior - When an event is ambiguous or a crisis - When a leaders personality is strong enough Class Notes 9/19/07 Personality characteristics of leaders - Nationalism - Perception of control - Need for power - Need for affiliation - Conceptual complexity - Self-confidence Class Notes 9/24/07 State Level of Analysis - Liberal o Sovereign but not monolithic o Foreign policy is a result of interest group competition o “national interest” can/will change - Realist o Sovereign and autonomous unitary o “national interest” is consistently defined in terms of self-preservation and power over other states - Radical o State executes the will of the capitalist class o Driven to expand (imperialism, colonialism) by the needs of the international capitalist system. o Real sovereignty does not exist Potential Sources of State Power - Natural o Geographic size and location o Population o Natural resources - Intangible o National image
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o Public support o Leadership - Tangible o Ability to efficiently manage capital o Highly educated population What is a system? -
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course POL 141 taught by Professor Chadraymond during the Spring '08 term at Elon.

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Class Notes - International Relations Dr Chad E Raymond...

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