PHIL Act1 - PART 1 1 It is right that men should value the soul rather than the body for perfection of soul corrects the inferiority of the body but

PHIL Act1 - PART 1 1 It is right that men should value the...

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PART 1 1. It is right that men should value the soul rather than the body; for perfection of soul corrects the inferiority of the body, but physical strength without intelligence does nothing to improve the mind. [ Democritus ] Premise: The perfection of soul corrects the inferiority of the body Premise: Physical strength without intelligence does nothing to improve the mind Conclusion: Men should value the soul rather than the body 2. The table, which we see, seems to diminish, as we remove farther from it; but the real table, which exists independent of us, suffers no alteration; it was, therefore, nothing but its image, which was present to the mind. [ Hume ] Premise: The table that we see seems to diminish as we move farther from it Premise: The real table suffers no alteration to be independent Conclusion: What in our mind is an image of the table 3. There cannot be any emptiness; for what is empty is nothing, and what is nothing cannot be. [ Melissus ] Premise: what is empty is nothing Premise: There cannot be nothing Conclusion: There cannot be emptiness 4. We see that things which lack intelligence, such as natural bodies, act for an end, and this is evident from their acting always or nearly always, in the same way, so as to obtain the best result… . Now whatever lacks intelligence cannot move towards an end, unless it be directed by some being endowed with knowledge and intelligence; as the arrow is shot to its mark by the archer. Therefore, some intelligence exists by whom all natural things are directed to their end; and this being we call God. [ Thomas Aquinas ] Premise: What lack intelligence acts for an end Premise: Things that lack intelligence have to be directed by an intelligent being in order to move towards an end Conclusion: An intelligent being directs things that lack intelligence to their end Premise: An intelligent being directs things that lack intelligence to their end Premise: Things that lack intelligence are directed by God Conclusion: God directs things that lack intelligence to their end
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5. In the beginning man was born from creatures of a different kind; because other creatures are soon self-supporting, but man alone needs prolonged nursing. For this
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  • Spring '11
  • Leslie
  • Ad hominem, ad hominem fallacy, ad hominem argument, Father Jones, Ad Baculum

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