ENEE200 (Fall 2014)Engineering EthicsVirtue Ethics, Care Ethics, Cases, Examples
Review of Last Class
Kantian Ethics•CI1 - Universality•Ask yourself if it would be a good rule so that everyoneelse acts in the same way as in theaction that you considering•Can you conceive of a world in which everyoneacts that way?•Did your (Kantian)mother ever say to you, “What if everyone did that?You wouldn’t like thatwould you?Well then you shouldn’t do it either.”•CI2 - Reciprocal•You should never manipulate others, treat them as an instrument of your own will or notallow them to freely make up their own minds about what to do•Equality: Treat all persons as equals with equal concern and respect
A Few More Kantian Exercises•Admission Preference and Tuition based on Need•Death Penalty for Murder
Admission Preferenceand Tuition based on NeedCI1Can itbecome auniversallaw?EthicalIssueCI2Does ittreatpeople asan endand not ameans?Ethicalbased onKantianEthicsNot ethical based on Kantian EthicsNoNoYesYesNoEqualityof PersonsYesUX is considering a policy giving admission preference and reduced tuition for economically disadvantagedchildren who wish to attend college but can’t afford itAssume that these students meet admission requirements and that UX has limited capacityCI1:Could this be a good rule? Can you conceive of a world in which all universities do this?CI2:Is anyone being manipulated, being treated as an instrument of UX’s own will or not being allowed tofreely make up their own minds about what to do?Equality:Are all children/families being treated with equal concern and respect?
Death Penalty for 1stdegree MurderCI1Can itbecome auniversallaw?EthicalIssueCI2Does ittreatpeople asan endand not ameans?Ethicalbased onKantianEthicsNot ethical based on Kantian EthicsNoNoYesYesNoEqualityof PersonsYesCI1: Can the death penalty for 1stdegree murder become a universal law?•Yes, one can conceive of a world in which murderers are executedCI2: Does it treat the murderer as an end?•Yes,we are treating him in accordance with the principle of action that he/she chose to live byEquality: Does it treat the murderer as an equal?•Yes, He/she murdered another person; therefore, his/her death is equal to the person murderedKantian Conclusion: Capital Punishment is the just punishment for murder
What you should learn from Today’sClass•Elements of Virtue and Care Ethics•Process used by the The Ford Motor Company regarding Pinto safety•Putting a value on a human life – cost/benefit analysis
Short list of Aristotle’s Virtues•Courage•Intelligence•Resolution•Determination•Sincerity•Ambition•Self Restraint•Generosity•Truthfulness•Modesty•Good temper•Wittiness•Civility