Baroque Era Study Guide

Baroque Era Study Guide - Music History I Test 3- The...

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Music History I Test 3- The Baroque Era PRELUDE Baroque Period 1600-1750 - Age of Absolutism coincides with Baroque Era is where man of England’s Monarch’s laid claim to complete authority over their domains. - Louis XIV, king of France (1643-1715) said, “I am the state.” He spent a lot of money on extravagant things and depleted the French treasury by his death. He built the Palace at Versailles. - There was a boom in the arts during this time. - Important individuals from the Scientific Revolution o Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe led to a far more accurate mapping of the skies then ever before. o In 1609 Galileo Galilei argued (like Copernicus did earlier) that the planets orbited around the sun. o Isaac Newton (1643-1727) Newton’s law of motion - Literature o Miguel De Cervantes (1547-1616) best known for Don Quixote . o John Milton (1608-1674) wrote Paradise Lost . - Artists o Peter Paul Rubens o Rembrandt o Gianlorenzo Bernini o Artemisia Gentileschi o Diego Velasquez - Baroque drives from Portuguese barroco, which describes a misshapen pearl. The adjective Baroque normally was used to mean distorted or grotesque. - The Baroque era drew in the mannerism styles of the late Renaissance in which every piece composed has an affect (every piece or work depicts a single predominant relationship.) - The church and the court remain the primary musical institutions of the Baroque era. - The growing middle class increased the demand for published music. - Engraving replaced typesetting by the 18 th Cent. Engraved music did not have broken lines.
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Music History I Test 3 Chp. 7 The New Practice - Gioseffo Zarlino (late 16 th Cent.) wrote Le istitutioni armoniche (The foundations of Music.) He said that contrapuntal music made it difficult to understand the text. - Vincenzo Galilei (composer and lutenist 1520-1591) father of Galileo, advocated in his Dialogue on Ancient and Modern Music of 1581 a trun from counterpoint and a move toward greater simplicity. - Between 1573 and 1587 a group of poets, musicians, and noblemen gathered at house of Count Giovanni de’ Bardi to discuss issues related to the arts. This group became known as the Frorentine Camerata style of singing used by the ancient Greeks. The group also included Caccini, and the poet Rainuccini. - Intermedi are musical acts between the acts of a play. Each intermdi consisted of 4 or 5 movements (at least one instrumental) and featured a mixture of traditional polyphony and newer styles. - The new style of music ( seconda prattica ) emerged around 1580-1590. Peri, Caccini, and Cavalieri began to write homophonic pieces with and instrumental line. - Basso continuo “continuous bass” developed to provide harmonic framework for solo voice above it. -
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Baroque Era Study Guide - Music History I Test 3- The...

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