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study guide for psych. - 1 Most but not all languages...

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1. Most, but not all, languages employ speech. A) TRUE 2. The English language has 26 basic sounds, or phonemes. B ) FALSE 3. The rules of semantics deal with such considerations as age, gender, and status of the speakers, as well as the situation and intent of the communication. B ) FALSE 4. Babies usually learn the basic sounds of their native language by six months of age. A) TRUE 5. A child's first holophrase typically comes between 6 and 10 months of age. (16-24 months) B ) FALSE 6. Children in households where two languages are spoken tend to first do code switching and then progress to code mixing. ( code mixing comes first) B ) FALSE 7. Telegraphic speech is typical of the toddler age group. A) TRUE 8. Most children have fairly well developed syntax by the age of three. A) TRUE 9. A four-year-old child might be expected to have a vocabulary of over 2,000 words. (1500-1600) B ) FALSE
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10. Preschoolers make slow to steady advances in vocabulary, syntax, and grammar. (astronomical) B ) FALSE 11. Knowing how to tell a joke, how to begin a conversation, and how to adjust comments to a listener's perspective are all aspects of social speech. ( A) TRUE 12. Talking aloud to oneself with no intent to communicate with others is considered a sign of abnormal language and speech development. ( known as private speech) B ) FALSE 13. Both Piaget and Vygotsky described private speech as reflecting cognitive immaturity. B ) FALSE 14. Brighter children tend to use private speech earlier than those children of average or below average intelligence. A) TRUE 15. Primary and secondary sex characteristics are also known as pubilect. B ) FALSE 16. Today, most developmentalists subscribe to the learning theory explanation of language acquisition. B ) FALSE 17. The fact that almost all children master their native language in the same age-related sequence without any formal teaching supports the nativist position on language acquisition. A) TRUE 18. In most people, language activity is lateralized in the right hemisphere of the brain.
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