Dev Psych Terms - Language shared rule-governed system of...

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Language : shared, rule-governed system of symbolic communication. Phonology: set of linguistic rules that govern the structure, position, and sequence of speech sounds. Phoneme: smallest unit of sound that can make a difference in meaning. Morphology: set of linguistic rules that govern the makeup of words. Morpheme: smallest unit of expression that can’t be broken down into smaller units without destroying it’s meaning. Syntax: set of linguistic rules that govern sentence structure. Semantics: set of linguistic rules that govern the meaning of, and relationships between, words. Pragmatics: set of linguistic rules that govern the use of language for communication. Prelinguistic speech: forerunner of linguistic speech; utterance of sounds that are not words. Includes crying, cooing, babbling, and accidental imitation of sounds without understanding their meaning. Linguistic Speech: verbal expression designed to convey meaning. Holophrase: single word that conveys a complete thought. Telegraphic speech: early form of sentence consisting of only a few words.
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