Week 4 Notes

Week 4 Notes - Week 4 Notes Mechanisms of State Power, or...

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Week 4 Notes - Mechanisms of State Power, or the Uses of Persecutions o Dominate Papacy 3 rd Lateran Council (1179) 4 th Lateran Council (1215) o A Christian is not a heretic, not a Jew, leapers (thought to be “dead” because leprosy is thought as a sinful disease) Heretic A Christian who believes in something other than the Church doctrine o “Willful disobedience” o Rebels against the Church? Waldensian critics of the Church Valdes of Lyon (died 1181) Heretical mendicants o Albigensian crusade Catharism Manichean dualism (twin forces battling for control of man’s soul—a battleground) “No man can serve two masters: for either he will hate one and love the other; or else he will hold to one and despite the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.” ~ Matthew 7:22 o Inquisition (1178-) o France’s patient kings 987 Hugh Capet elected by nobles Philip II Augustus o Medieval Jews Roman legacy Merchants and artisans Competition to Christians No landowning Ghettos Excluded from guilds (trade guilds) Usury o It is the practice of lending money for interest Serfs to the Kings Jewish persecution
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Blood libel o The stories that claim the Jews are kidnapping Christian babies and sacrificing them on the Jewish Sabbath Jewish expulsion Blois 1171 York 1189 France generally 1180 o Homosexual persecution: Guilt by association? o Lepers o William the Conqueror (ruled 1066-1087) Battle of Hastings Liege Lord Doomsday Book Curia Regis Lands in France o Famous historian from this era is R.I. Moore o Henry II (ruled 1154-1189) Eleanor of Aquitaine (1122-1204) Patron of the Troubadors Richard the Lion-Hearted (ruled 1189-1199) John (ruled 1199-1216) “Softsword” o Magna Carta (1215) Rebellious nobles Kings subject to law Constitutional foundation Edward I (ruled 1272-1307) o “Model Parliament” o Mendicant Orders: Franciscans and Dominicans Obedient critics - Intellectual and Religious Currents o Pilgrimage sites Jerusalem Rome Santiago de Compostela Canterbury Shrine for Thomas Becket Local Shrines
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Saints relics Popular piety expressed Some of the earliest vernacular (common language) books were written (some where even like guidebooks) Margery Kempe (1000-1300) wrote one about Canterbury Boccaccio Decameron Pilgrimage in Spain Santiago de Compostela Relics of St. James the Elder Money and Arms o Reconquista of Spain o Universities (new idea in the 12 th century) Cathedrals schools Alternative to Monasticism
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Week 4 Notes - Week 4 Notes Mechanisms of State Power, or...

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