Week 9 Notes

Week 9 Notes - Week 9 Notes The Politics of Reformation o...

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Week 9 Notes - The Politics of Reformation o England’s Monarchical Reform William Tyndale (1494-1536) Bridge to continent 1520’s Bible into English Lollards o Receptive audience o Henry VII (ruled 1509-1547) Renaissance prince Leo X’s “defender of the faith” o “King’s Great Matter” No sons Anne Boleyn Catholic nephew Papal denial Clement VII in Charles’ hands o Divided Council Three Thomases 1533: Pivotal Year 1534: Act of Supremacy 1534-1547: Stalemate o Northern Humanism Thomas More (1478-1535) Catholic zeal Utopia Desiderius Erasmus New Bible translation “Philosophy of Christ” Christian Humanism o More martyred More: Staunch Catholic 1535: Execution for treason “King’s servant, but God’s first” o Edward VI: Protestants on Top Edward (1537-1553) was Henry VIII’s son Protestant changes
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Eucharist o Laity wine and bread Dissolution of monasteries 1549: Book of Common Prayer o Mary Tudor (ruled 1553-1558) “Bloody Mary” Reforms reversed Cardinal Reginald Pole (1500-1558) o Elizabeth I (1558-1603) Elizabethan Compromise Act of Supremacy 1559 Act of Uniformity 1559 Incomplete victory Puritan threat Becoming a world power o Shakespeare’s Day Renaissance patronage Cross class diversions Vernacular literature Societal Conventions - Catholic vs. Protestant o Council of Trent (1545-1563) Pope Paul III (ruled 1534-1549) Sacraments affirmed Apostolic succession Corrected wayward priests and bishops o Catholics on the Offensive Index of Prohibited Books (1559) Lasted until 1966 Renewed Spanish Inquisition o The Jesuits Ignatius Loyola (1491-1556) 1534 order charter Education and re-conversion o Internal Reformers Teresa of Avila (1515-1582) Mystical theology “No wonder the Church is as it is, when the religious live as they do.”
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o French Wars of Religion (1562-1598) Huguenots = French Calvinists o St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre “The Rites of Violence” August 23, 1572: Marriage celebration Marguerite de’ Medici and Henry of Navarre Henry of Navarre heir Edict of Nantes (1598) A declaration of religious tolerance o Netherlands: 1566-1609 17 provinces of Philip II’s realm (Spanish King) Dutch Protestants revolt “Council of Blood” War 1572 William of Orange (1580) 1609 Freer Netherlands o High Sea Wars of Religion Northern Europeans vs. Habsburgs Philip II: King of Spain, Portugal and the Netherlands Rules of Americas Controlled spice trade Piracy Sir Francis Drake and his Queen “Sea Beggars” o “Saving England” Elizabeth I supports the Netherlands 1588 Philip’s Armada defeated “Protestant wind” Spain in decline o 30 Years’ War (1618-1648)—Transition in Europe Population devastation
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Week 9 Notes - Week 9 Notes The Politics of Reformation o...

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